John Galmiche

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By using gel filtration chromatography, following the technique of Hummel and Dreyer (Hummel, J., and Dreyer, W. (1962) Biochim. Biophys. Acta 63, 532-534), the adenine nucleotide-binding sites of isolated soluble chloroplast ATPase (CF1) and of the beta subunit were studied. CF1 possesses six adenine nucleotide-binding sites: two high affinity sites for(More)
ATPase activity of the coupling factor 1, CF1, isolated from spinach chloroplasts, was enhanced by reduction with dithiothreitol. Reduced thioredoxins from spinach chloroplasts, Escherichia coli and human lymphocytes replaced dithiothreitol as reductant and activator of the ATPase. CF1 must be in an oxidized activated state to be further activated by(More)
With appropriate preparations of spinish chloroplasts we observe three distinct effects of the nucleotides: 1. An accelaration of the dark decay of the light induced 520 nm absorbance change after ATP addition. 2. An acidification of the internal space of the thylakoids after ATP addition in darkness. 3. A dark ATPase activity which is regulated by the(More)
On the soluble part of the coupling factor (CF1), extracted from spinach chloroplasts, three nucleotide-binding sites are identified. Three ADP are bound per CF1 when the enzyme is incubated with ADP either with or without Mg2+. Two ADP and one ATP are bound per CF1 when the enzyme is incubated with a limiting concentration of ATP, in the presence of Mg2+.(More)
Beta subunits have been dissociated from CF1 of spinach chloroplasts, purified by HPLC and characterized by two-dimensional electrophoresis and fluorescence emission. The solutions of isolated beta subunits are able to hydrolyze MgATP; this ATPase activity is an intrinsic property of the beta molecule. From proton NMR at 300 and 500 MHz, it is shown that(More)
The ATP synthase from chloroplasts, CFo.F1, was reconstituted into liposomes, from which most of CF1 was removed by a short treatment with guanidinium chloride. ATP-dependent proton uptake was restored with these CFo-liposomes even better by the addition of the bacterial TF1-than of the related CF1-part. This proton uptake was prevented by tentoxin, a(More)