John G. Routsias

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UNLABELLED Fat mass is a predictor of BMD; however, the mechanisms involved remain uncertain. Two adipokines, leptin and adiponectin, were examined as potential mediators of this relation in 80 perimenopausal women. Adiponectin did not exert any effect on BMD, whereas leptin exerted a negative one, with insulin acting as a confounder to this relation. (More)
Recently, a number of studies have pointed to a potential relationship between periodontitis (PO) and RA and vice versa. Both diseases are characterized by chronic inflammation, osseous destruction, damage of the supporting soft tissues, similar cellular immune responses and common immunogenetic findings. Although a definite, methodological report(More)
The CD40-CD40L costimulatory pathway is involved in the evolution of many autoimmune diseases including systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and Sjögren's syndrome (SS). Increased levels of sCD40L in the serum have been associated with disease activity in SLE. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of sCD40L in the(More)
A common serologic finding in systemic autoimmune diseases is the presence of autoantibodies against intracellular autoantigens. Although their pathogenesis is not fully understood, autoantibodies are important tools for establishing diagnosis, classification and prognosis of autoimmune diseases. In Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) and Sjögren's syndrome(More)
BACKGROUND Antibodies to La/SSB are usually found in sera of patients with Sjogren's Syndrome (SS) and Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE). Recent work from our laboratory (Mol Med 2002;8:293-305) revealed that an active idiotypic network involving antibodies to epitopes of La/SSB and their anti-idiotypes exist in human sera. The anti-idiotypic antibodies(More)
OBJECTIVES Sjögren's syndrome (SS), a chronic autoimmune disorder, particularly compromises the function of exocrine glands. Its association with lymphoma is well documented. Our aim was to systematically review the molecular, clinical, histopathologic, and therapeutic aspects of these SS-related malignant lymphoproliferations. METHODS The literature was(More)
BACKGROUND The prevalence of peripheral neuropathy in patients with Sjögren syndrome remains unclear owing to conflicting results in the published series, with numbers ranging from 2% to over 60% of Sjögren syndrome patients. Whether peripheral neuropathy is a feature of the systemic or glandular disease or whether it is related to a circulating(More)
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is characterized by the production of grouped sets of autoantibodies targeting mainly the U1 ribonucleoprotein (RNP) and/or Ro/La RNP particles. Intraparticle diversification of the autoimmune response is believed to occur via epitope spreading. So far, it is not known how the autoimmune response "jumps" from one particle(More)
BACKGROUND Primary Sjogren's syndrome (pSS) is characterized by the presence of autoantibodies targeting mainly the Ro/La ribonucleoprotein complex. It is now appreciated that the production of autoantibodies is an antigen-driven immune response. DESIGN In this review, candidate mechanisms for autoantigen presentation and perpetuation of the autoimmune(More)
Knowledge of seroprevalence rates against 2009 pandemic H1N1 virus will assist vaccination recommendations and the preparation of the health-care system during subsequent years. This study was conducted in Greece during June-August 2010 to estimate the seroprevalence rate against pandemic H1N1 virus. Persons presenting in 29 health-care facilities across(More)