John G . Pastorino

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Proapoptotic proteins such as Bax, undergo translocation to the mitochondria during apoptosis, where they mediate the release of intermembrane space proteins including cytochrome c. Bax binds to the voltage-dependent anion channel (VDAC). VDAC is a beta-barrel protein located in the outer mitochondrial membrane. In planar lipid bilayers, Bax and VDAC form a(More)
Transformed cells are highly glycolytic and overexpress hexokinase II (HXK II). HXK II is capable of binding to the mitochondria through an interaction with the voltage-dependent anion channel (VDAC), an abundant outer mitochondrial membrane protein. The binding of HXK II to mitochondria has been shown to protect against loss of cell viability. Akt(More)
Stably transfected Jurkat T cells were produced in which Bax expression is inducible by muristerone A. The cell death resulting from induction of the overexpression of Bax was prevented by inhibition of the mitochondrial permeability transition (MPT) with cyclosporin A (CyA) in combination with the phospholipase A2 inhibitor aristolochic acid (ArA). The(More)
Hexokinase isoforms I and II bind to mitochondrial outer membranes in large part by interacting with the outer membrane voltage-dependent anion channel (VDAC). This interaction results in a shift in the susceptibility of mitochondria to pro-apoptotic signals that are mediated through Bcl2-family proteins. The upregulation of hexokinase II expression in(More)
The overexpression of Bax kills cells by a mechanism that depends on induction of the mitochondrial permeability transition (MPT) (Pastorino, J. G., Chen, S.-T., Tafani, M., Snyder, J. W., and Farber, J. L. (1998) J. Biol. Chem. 273, 7770-7775). In the present study, purified, recombinant Bax opened the mitochondrial permeability transition pore (PTP).(More)
Mitochondria are intimately involved in the generation of and defense against reactive oxygen species (ROS). Mitochondria are themselves targets of oxidative stress and also contribute to mechanisms by which oxidative stress-related signals control cell fate. Ethanol promotes oxidative stress, both by increasing ROS formation and by decreasing cellular(More)
We demonstrate that the transition from a reliance on glycolysis to oxidative phosphorylation in a transformed cell line is dependent on an increase in the levels and activity of sirtuin-3. Sirtuin-3 deacetylates cyclophilin D, diminishing its peptidyl-prolyl cis-trans isomerase activity and inducing its dissociation from the adenine nucleotide(More)
Cyclosporin A (CyA) and L-carnitine (LC) prevented the killing of cultured hepatocytes by anoxia and rotenone but not by cyanide. Neither CyA nor LC affected the rate or extent of the loss of the mitochondrial membrane potential or the rate or extent of the depletion of ATP. Atractyloside blocked the ability of both CyA and LC to protect, and D-carnitine(More)
Chronic excessive alcohol intake is associated with multiple liver defects ranging from mild steatosis to advanced cirrhosis. However, the mechanisms by which chronic ethanol intake affects liver function remain a matter of intense debate and investigation. The liver is the major site of ethanol metabolism in the body, and a wide range of metabolic(More)
Both clinical findings and results of experiments with animal models of alcoholic hepatitis have shown the importance of cytokine-mediated cell-cell interactions in the onset of ethanol-induced liver damage. Proinflammatory cytokines, such as tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), interleukin (IL)-1 beta (IL-1 beta), and interleukin-6, are released from(More)