John G . McCarron

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Inward rectifier K+ channels have been implicated in the control of membrane potential and external K(+)-induced dilations of small cerebral arteries. In the present study, whole cell K+ currents through the inward rectifier K+ channel were measured in single smooth muscle cells isolated from the posterior cerebral artery of Wistar-Kyoto rats. The whole(More)
1. Mitochondrial regulation of the cytosolic Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]c) in guinea-pig single colonic myocytes has been examined, using whole-cell recording, flash photolysis of caged InsP3 and microfluorimetry. 2. Depolarization increased [Ca2+]c and triggered contraction. Resting [Ca2+]c was virtually restored some 4 s after the end of depolarization, a(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) releases Ca(2+) via inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptors (IP(3)R) in response to IP(3)-generating agonists. Ca(2+) release subsequently propagates as Ca(2+) waves. To clarify the role of IP(3) production in wave generation, the contribution of a key enzyme in the production of IP(3) was examined using(More)
Cerebral blood flow is regulated by brain metabolism, and there is evidence to suggest that changes in extracellular potassium concentration are important in linking brain metabolic activity with blood supply. In this study, the effect of low concentrations of potassium on the spontaneous tone of resistance-sized isolated posterior cerebral arteries from(More)
OBJECTIVE Mitochondria are widely described as being highly dynamic and adaptable organelles, and their movement is thought to be vital for cell function. Yet, in various native cells, including those of heart and smooth muscle, mitochondria are stationary and rigidly structured. The significance of the differences in mitochondrial behavior to the(More)
In smooth muscle, release via the inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (Ins(1,4,5)P(3)R) and ryanodine receptors (RyR) on the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) controls oscillatory and steady-state cytosolic Ca(2+) concentrations ([Ca(2+)](c)). The interplay between the two receptors, itself determined by their organization on the SR, establishes the time course and(More)
Smooth muscle activities are regulated by inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (InsP(3))-mediated increases in cytosolic Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+](c)). Local Ca2+ release from an InsP(3) receptor (InsP(3)R) cluster present on the sarcoplasmic reticulum is termed a Ca2+ puff. Ca2+ released via InsP(3)R may diffuse to adjacent clusters to trigger further release and(More)
Increases in cytosolic Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)](c)) mediated by inositol (1,4,5)-trisphosphate [Ins(1,4,5)P(3), hereafter InsP(3)] regulate activities that include division, contraction and cell death. InsP(3)-evoked Ca(2+) release often begins at a single site, then regeneratively propagates through the cell as a Ca(2+) wave. The Ca(2+) wave(More)
In smooth muscle, Ca(2+) regulates cell division, growth and cell death as well as providing the main trigger for contraction. Ion channels provide the major access route to elevate the cytoplasmic Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)](c)) in smooth muscle by permitting Ca(2+) entry across the plasma membrane and release of the ion from intracellular Ca(2+)(More)
Ca2+ release from the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) by the IP3 receptors (IP3Rs) crucially regulates diverse cell signalling processes from reproduction to apoptosis. Release from the IP3R may be modulated by endogenous proteins associated with the receptor, such as the 12 kDa FK506-binding protein (FKBP12), either directly or indirectly by inhibition of the(More)