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Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are increasingly believed to be important intracellular signaling molecules in mitogenic pathways involved in the pathogenesis of glomerulonephritis (GN). We explored the effects of the antioxidants alpha-lipoic acid and N-acetyl-l-cysteine on ERK activation in cultured mesangial cells and the role of ERK activation in the(More)
With rapid advances in the online education and computer virtualization technology, laboratories leveraging virtual machines, or Virtual Hands-on Laboratories , have become one of the key education resources in many fields. In the College of Information Sciences and Technology at the Pennsylvania State University, we have developed a set of virtual hands-on(More)
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