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Calcimimetics like N-(3-[2-chlorophenyl]propyl)-(R)-alpha-methyl-3-methoxybenzylamine (NPS R-568) potentiate the effects of extracellular Ca(2+) on parathyroid Ca(2+) receptors and inhibit parathyroid hormone (PTH) secretion in vitro. When administered by gavage to normal rats in this study, NPS R-568 caused a rapid, dose-dependent (ED(50), 1.1 +/- 0.7(More)
N-(3-[2-Chlorophenyl]propyl)-(R)-alpha-methyl-3-methoxybenzylamine (NPS R-568) is an orally active compound that activates Ca(2+) receptors on parathyroid cells and rapidly suppresses plasma levels of parathyroid hormone (PTH) and Ca(2+) (ED(50), 1 and 10 mg/kg, respectively). We now show that increased calcitonin secretion contributes to NPS R-568-induced(More)
Despite the discovery of many ions and molecules that activate the Ca2+ receptor, there are no known ligands that block this receptor. Reported here are the pharmacodynamic properties of a small molecule, NPS 2143, which acts as an antagonist at the Ca2+ receptor. This compound blocked (IC50 of 43 nM) increases in cytoplasmic Ca2+ concentrations [Ca2+]i(More)
This study investigated the effect of carbohydrate (CHO) ingestion on postexercise glycogen resynthesis, measured simultaneously in liver and muscle (n = 6) by (13)C magnetic resonance spectroscopy, and subsequent exercise capacity (n = 10). Subjects cycled at 70% maximal oxygen uptake for 83 +/- 8 min on six separate occasions. At the end of exercise,(More)
Sema7A is a recently described member of the semaphorin family that is associated with the cell surface via a glycophosphatidylinositol linkage. This study examined the mRNA expression and biological properties of this protein. Although the expression of Sema7A was demonstrated in lymphoid and myeloid cells, no stimulation of cytokine production or(More)
NPS R-568 is a Ca2+ receptor agonist ("calcimimetic") compound that reduces circulating parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels in rats and humans with mild secondary hyperparathyroidism (secondary HPT) resulting from chronic renal insufficiency (CRI). These studies extend those observations to show that NPS R-568 is equally effective in decreasing plasma PTH and(More)
In May-June 1992 cases of infection with verocytotoxin-producing (VT+) Escherichia coli O157 in South Yorkshire could have been associated with prior consumption of beef from a local abattoir. During investigation of the abattoir, bovine rectal swabs and samples of meat and surface swabs from beef carcasses were examined for E. coli O157, isolates of which(More)
Octylphenol (OP) is one of a number of compounds found in the environment that has estrogen-mimicking actions in vivo. Our objective was to determine if maternal exposure to octylphenol during fetal and/or postnatal life would affect the onset of puberty, endocrine status, and subsequent ovarian follicular dynamics of ewe lambs. Lambs were born in March to(More)
Current rat calcitonin immunoassays use human calcitonin antisera, and suffer from poor sensitivity, long incubation periods, nonspecific interferences, and unreliability. The homologous immunoradiometric assay (IRMA) for rat calcitonin described here overcomes these problems. Overnight incubation yields a detection limit of 0.4 pg/mL, a standard curve that(More)