John Fonda Crary

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Long-term potentiation (LTP), a persistent synaptic enhancement thought to be a substrate for memory, can be divided into two phases: induction, triggering potentiation, and maintenance, sustaining it over time. Many postsynaptic events are implicated in induction, including N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) activation, calcium increases and stimulation(More)
We recommend a new term, “primary age-related tauopathy” (PART), to describe a pathology that is commonly observed in the brains of aged individuals. Many autopsy studies have reported brains with neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs) that are indistinguishable from those of Alzheimer’s disease (AD), in the absence of amyloid (Aβ) plaques. For these “NFT+/Aβ−”(More)
The persistent activity of protein kinase Mzeta (PKMzeta) maintains synaptic long-term potentiation (LTP) and spatial memory, but the interactions between PKMzeta and the other protein kinases implicated in synaptic plasticity are unknown. During LTP, PKMzeta is rapidly synthesized from a PKMzeta mRNA that encodes a protein kinase Czeta (PKCzeta) catalytic(More)
Protein kinase M zeta (PKM zeta) is a newly described form of PKC that is necessary and sufficient for the maintenance of hippocampal long term potentiation (LTP) and the persistence of memory in Drosophila. PKM zeta is the independent catalytic domain of the atypical PKC zeta isoform and produces long term effects at synapses because it is persistently(More)
Chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) is a neurodegeneration characterized by the abnormal accumulation of hyperphosphorylated tau protein within the brain. Like many other neurodegenerative conditions, at present, CTE can only be definitively diagnosed by post-mortem examination of brain tissue. As the first part of a series of consensus panels funded by(More)
Pathological accumulation of abnormally phosphorylated tau protein in astrocytes is a frequent, but poorly characterized feature of the aging brain. Its etiology is uncertain, but its presence is sufficiently ubiquitous to merit further characterization and classification, which may stimulate clinicopathological studies and research into its pathobiology.(More)
In contrast to protein kinases that participate in long-term potentiation (LTP) induction and memory consolidation, the autonomously active atypical protein kinase C isoform, protein kinase Mzeta (PKMζ), functions in the core molecular mechanism of LTP maintenance and long-term memory storage. Here, using multiple complementary techniques for light and(More)
Presenilin 1 (PSEN1) encodes the catalytic subunit of γ-secretase, and PSEN1 mutations are the most common cause of early onset familial Alzheimer's disease (FAD). In order to elucidate pathways downstream of PSEN1, we characterized neural progenitor cells (NPCs) derived from FAD mutant PSEN1 subjects. Thus, we generated induced pluripotent stem cells(More)
In Alzheimer's disease (AD) brain, exposure of axons to Aβ causes pathogenic changes that spread retrogradely by unknown mechanisms, affecting the entire neuron. We found that locally applied Aβ1-42 initiates axonal synthesis of a defined set of proteins including the transcription factor ATF4. Inhibition of local translation and retrograde transport or(More)
To study the role of atypical protein kinase C (aPKC) in neurodegenerative disease, we investigated the distribution of PKCiota/lambda, an aPKC isoform, in a variety of tauopathies and alpha-synucleinopathies. Immunohistochemical study revealed PKCiota/lambda within tau-positive neurofibrillary inclusions in Alzheimer disease (AD), progressive supranuclear(More)