John Fleng Steffensen

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Respirometry in closed and flow-through systems is described with the objective of pointing out problems and sources of errors involved and how to correct for them. Both closed respirometry applied to resting and active animals and intermillent-flow respirometry is described. In addition, flow-through or open respirometry is discussed, in particular when(More)
To determine the energetic costs of rigid-body, median or paired-fin (MPF) swimming versus undulatory, body-caudal fin (BCF) swimming, we measured oxygen consumption as a function of swimming speed in two MPF swimming specialists, Schlegel's parrotfish and Picasso triggerfish. The parrotfish swam exclusively with the pectoral fins at prolonged swimming(More)
We present the first data on the effect of hypoxia on the specific dynamic action (SDA) in a teleost fish. Juvenile cod (Gadus morhua) were fed meals of 2.5% and 5% of their wet body mass (BM) in normoxia (19.8 kPa Po(2)) and 5% BM in hypoxia (6.3 kPa Po(2)). Reduced O(2) availability depressed the postprandial peaks of oxygen consumption, and to compensate(More)
The northern range of Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua), overlaps the southern range of the Greenland cod (Gadus ogac), in the coastal waters of Western Greenland. The availability of a temperate water species (G. morhua) in the same area and oceanographic conditions as a polar species (G. ogac) presented us with the ideal circumstances to test the hypothesis of(More)
Atlantic cod Gadus morhua has polymorphic haemoglobin, which can be separated into two homozygous types, HbI-1 and HbI-2, and one heterozygous type HbI-1/2. The geographical distribution of Atlantic cod with the different haemoglobin types varies, with the HbI(2) allele occurring at high frequency in northern regions, and the HbI(1) allele dominant in(More)
Standard metabolic rate of Greenland cod or uvak, Gadus ogac, polar cod, Boreogadus saida, Atlantic cod, Gadus morhua, and sculpin, Myxocephalus scorpius, caught in the same geographical area on the west coast of Greenland was measured at 4.5°C, the temperature at which the fish were caught. The present data does not support the Metabolic Cold Adaptation(More)
Oxygen consumption and tail beat frequency were measured on saithe (Pollachius virens) and whiting (Merlangius merlangus) during steady swimming. Oxygen consumption increased exponentially with swimming speed, and the relationship was described by a power function. The extrapolated standard metabolic rates (SMR) were similar for saithe and whiting, whereas(More)
In order to elucidate the phylogenetic position of the cryopelagic cod genus Arctogadus, gadine phylogenetic relationships were examined using the mitochondrial DNA cytochrome b gene. A segment of 401 base pairs was sequenced from 6 gadine species [Arctogadus borisovi Drjagin, A. glacialis (Peters), Gadiculus argenteus Guichenot, Micromesistius poutassou(More)
The spontaneous swimming activity of Atlantic cod Gadus morhua was investigated at graded levels of hypoxia at three temperatures (5, 10 and 15 ̊C) by using a computerized system monitoring animal activity. The fish were tested individually, and swimming distance was used as a measure of activity. No significant effect of temperature on swimming distance in(More)
European eels (Anguilla anguilla) were exposed sequentially to partial pressures of CO2 in the water (PwCO2) of 5, 10, 20, 40, 60 then 80 mm Hg (equivalent to 0.66–10.5 kPa), for 30 min at each level. This caused a profound drop in arterial plasma pH, from 7.9 to below 7.2, an increase in arterial PCO2 from 3.0 mm Hg to 44 mm Hg, and a progressive decline(More)