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In many automatic face recognition applications, a set of a person's face images is available rather than a single image. In this paper, we describe a novel method for face recognition using image sets. We propose a flexible, semi-parametric model for learning probability densities confined to highly non-linear but intrinsically low-dimensional manifolds.(More)
Wear debris from metal on polyethylene joint replacements causes asceptic loosening as a result of an inflammatory reaction of macrophages to micron-sized particles. Metal on metal implants, which generate nanoparticles, have been reintroduced into surgical practise in order to avoid this problem. There is a current concern about possible long-term effects(More)
Debris-induced osteolysis due to surface wear of ultra high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) bearings is a potential long-term failure mechanism of total knee replacements (TKR). This study investigated the effect of prosthesis design, kinematics and bearing material on the wear of UHMWPE bearings using a physiological knee simulator. The use of a(More)
Nitrogen-containing bisphosphonates were shown to cause macrophage apoptosis by inhibiting enzymes in the biosynthetic pathway leading from mevalonate to cholesterol. This study suggests that, in osteoclasts, geranylgeranyl diphosphate, the substrate for prenylation of most GTP binding proteins, is likely to be the crucial intermediate affected by these(More)
The osteolysis associated with conventional polyethylene on metal total joint replacements is associated with the formation of an inflamed periprosthetic membrane rich in macrophages, cytokines and implant-derived wear particles. There is a wealth of evidence to indicate that the presence and activation of macrophages in the periprosthetic tissues around(More)
Tissue engineering offers a promising solution to the replacement of anterior cruciate ligament. A decellularized porcine patella tendon scaffold was produced by immersing whole tissues sequentially in hypotonic buffer, 0.1% (w/v) sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) in hypotonic buffer, and nuclease solution prior to sterilization with 0.1% (w/v) peracetic acid.(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS OF THE STUDY Several deficiencies in current heart valve prostheses make them problematic for use in younger patients. Tissue valve substitutes are non-viable with a life expectancy of only 10-15 years, while mechanical valves require long-term anti-coagulation therapy. A solution to these problems would be to develop a tissue-engineered(More)
The article reports on a multilevel analysis conducted to examine change in neighborhood walking activity over a 12-month period in a community-based sample of 28 neighborhoods of 303 older adults age 65 and over. The study employed a multilevel (residents nested within neighborhoods) and longitudinal (4 repeated measures over 1 year) design and a(More)
The vast majority of total hip prostheses currently implanted consist of a hard metal or ceramic femoral head articulating against an ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) acetabular cup. Over the last 10 years, evidence has accumulated to show that these prostheses are prone to failure due to late aseptic loosening and few survive beyond 25(More)
A clinical need exists for an immunologically compatible surgical patch with a wide range of uses including soft tissue replacement, body wall repair, cardiovascular applications, and as a wound dressing. This study aimed to produce an acellular matrix from human amniotic membrane for future assessment as a surgical patch and a delivery system for(More)