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The Bush Administration's proposal for establishing a Department of Homeland Security includes a function whose responsibilities include the coordination of policies and actions to protect the nation's critical infrastructure. However, the proposal did not specify criteria for how to determine criticality or which infrastructures should be considered(More)
The permeability of different brain tumor models to horseradish peroxidase (HRP) was examined by determining the fraction of tumor that contained HRP after intravenous administration. The intracerebral tumor models studied were Avian Sarcoma Virus (ASV)-induced tumors and tumors from transplanted RG-2, S69-C1-5, and 9L cell lines. The average fraction of(More)
This paper presents the application of a connection-ist control-learning system to an autonomous mini-robot. The system's design is severely constrained by the computing power and memory available on board the mini-robot and the on-board training time is greatly limited by the short life of the battery. The system is capable of rapid unsupervised learning(More)
The Bush Administration's proposal for establishing a Department of Homeland Security includes a function whose responsibilities include the coordination of policies and actions to protect the nation's critical infrastructure. However, the proposal did not specify criteria for how to determine criticality or which infrastructures should be considered(More)
A neural network approach to the classic inverted pendulum task is presented. This task is the task of keeping a rigid pole, hinged to a cart and free to fall in a plane, in a roughly vertical orientation by moving the cart horizontally in the plane while keeping the cart within some maximum distance of its starting position. This task constitutes a(More)
Inappropriate mechanical ventilation in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome can lead to ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI) and increase the morbidity and mortality. Reopening collapsed lung units may significantly reduce VILI, but the mechanisms governing lung recruitment are unclear. We thus investigated the dynamics of lung recruitment at(More)
Regional measurements of blood flow (F) were performed in transplanted intracerebral RG-2 rat gliomas using [14C]iodoantipyrine, Kety-Schmidt blood flow equations, and quantitative autoradiography. Twenty-nine intracranial tumors in ten rats were analyzed by location; 18 intraparenchymal, seven meningeal, two third-ventricular, and two fourth-ventricular(More)
Regional measurements of blood-to-tissue transport were performed in transplanted RG-2 rat gliomas using [alpha- 14C]aminoisobutyric acid (AIB), quantitative autoradiography, and equations to express a unidirectional transfer constant. Thirty-eight intracranial tumors in ten rats were analyzed according to location; 23 intraparenchymal tumors, eight(More)