John F. Watts

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Calcified lesions of the brain occasionally appear bright on T1-weighted MR images. This report shows that particulate calcium can reduce T1 relaxation times by a surface relaxation mechanism. Calcium particles with greater surface area show greater T1 relaxivity. Reduced proton density and reduced T2 tend to diminish signal intensity, but reduced T1(More)
The sensitivity of two techniques in tracking changes in surface energetics was investigated for a crystalline excipient, D-mannitol. Macroscopic crystals of D-mannitol were grown from saturated water solution by slow cooling, and sessile drop contact angle was employed to measure the anisotropic surface energy. The facet-specific surface energy was(More)
ToF-SIMS has been used in the analysis of latent fingerprints (dactyloscopy) with a view to use in forensic and biomedical applications. Szynkowska et al have demonstrated that SIMS can be employed to produce images of whole fingerprints on inorganic surfaces such as steel, brass and glass (1). We demonstrate the detection of a range of exogenous materials(More)
Latent fingermarks are invisible to the naked eye and normally require the application of a chemical developer followed by an optical imaging step in order to visualize the ridge detail. If the finger deposition is poor, or the fingermark is aged, it can sometimes be difficult to produce an image of sufficient quality for identification. In this work, we(More)
The surface chemical characterisation of sub-200 nm poly(DL-lactide co-glycolide) nanospheres has been carried out using the complementary analytical techniques of static secondary ion mass spectrometry (SSIMS) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The nanospheres, which are of interest for site-specific drug delivery, were prepared using an(More)
A 25-year-old primigravid woman presented with Cushing's syndrome at 23 weeks gestation; serum cortisol was 1090 nmol/l at 0900 h, 1230 nmol/l at 2200 h; basal urinary free cortisol excretion was 3680 nmol/24 h, and 8830 nmol/24 h after dexamethasone 8 mg daily for 48 hours; plasma ACTH was < 1.1 pmol/l. CT scan of the adrenal glands showed bilateral(More)
Time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (ToF-SIMS) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analyses have been used to investigate the dissolution of hydroxyapatite in the presence of titanium chloride suggesting the substitution of titanium ions for calcium in the hydroxyapatite structure. The surface analytical data suggest that titanium was(More)
Organic-inorganic hybrid nanoparticles, derived from silica precursors with different organic functionalities (methyl, ethyl, vinyl, and phenyl) synthesized via a modified Stöber method have been investigated. These particles are intended as modifiers for polymers and polymer matrix composites. Therefore, the characteristics of a polyester matrix have also(More)
Serum hormone concentrations were determined at intervals during the last 17 days of the menstrual cycle in 35 patients with premenstrual tension (PMT) and 11 control subjects without symptoms. The maximum mean concentration of oestradiol occurred 17 days before menstruation in the patients and 14 days before in the controls. The maximum concentrations of(More)
Forty women with premenstrual tension received either placebo, 100, 200 or 400 mg danazol daily for 3 months in a pilot study arranged as a double-blind trial. Thirteen patients withdrew by the third month usually because they complained of no improvement. They had significantly higher pretrial symptom scores than those who continued. In patients treated(More)