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The first of a two-phase project is reported that examined the prospective effects of stress and social support on the physical and mental health of the elderly. A sample of 50 elderly subjects was assessed at two points in time over a 6-month period. Results indicated that social support was a significant predictor of physical health status, whereas mental(More)
Mental health professionals' attitudes towards deaf people were examined in relation to their previous contact with deaf people and their knowledge of deafness. Data were gathered regarding different aspects of contact, including the number and type of relationships participants had had with deaf people. A cognitive-processing theory of attitude change(More)
This study examined Weiss' conceptualization of social and emotional loneliness. Using data from an extensive survey of undergraduate and graduate students at the University of Iowa, we measured social and emotional loneliness, students' affective and behavioral reactions to loneliness, students' social relationships, and their judgments of the degree to(More)
BACKGROUND Many people with intellectual disabilities find it hard to control their anger and this often leads to aggression which can have serious consequences, such as exclusion from mainstream services and the need for potentially more expensive emergency placements. AIMS To evaluate the effectiveness of a cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT)(More)
The context for the present study was a cluster-randomized controlled trial of a group-based anger-management intervention, delivered by day-service staff. We aimed to develop a scale to measure the fidelity of manualized cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) delivered to adults with intellectual disabilities in group-based settings. A 30-item monitoring(More)
Understanding the perceptions of direct care staff of their reciprocal relationships at work and levels of burnout may help us improve not only their psychological health but also the service they provide. A cross-sectional survey was undertaken with direct care staff who worked with children, older people and people with intellectual disabilities in(More)
BACKGROUND Interventions for anger represent the largest body of research on the adaptation of cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) for people with intellectual disabilities. The extent to which the effectiveness of these interventions reflects the behavioural or cognitive components of CBT is uncertain. This arises in part because there are few measures of(More)
BACKGROUND Anger causes significant problems in offenders and to date few interventions have been described in the Caribbean region. AIM To evaluate a package of CBT-based Anger Management Training provided to offenders in prison in Trinidad. METHOD A controlled clinical trial with 85 participants who participated in a 12-week prison-based group anger(More)
BACKGROUND Cognitions are starting to receive more prominence as important when examining a number of factors including the topography of challenging behaviour. This study examined the relationships between maternal stress, challenging behaviour (aggressive and self-injurious behaviours) and parental cognitions and specifically whether maternal cognitions(More)
BLOCKINpaper. Abstract Higher educated individuals are healthier and live longer than their lower educated peers. One reason is that lower educated individuals engage more often in unhealthy behaviors, including consumption of a poor diet, but it is not clear why they do so. In this paper, we design a Discrete Choice Experiment , based upon an economic(More)