John F. Randolph

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BACKGROUND The influence of menopausal status on depressive symptoms is unclear in diverse ethnic groups. This study examined the longitudinal relationship between changes in menopausal status and the risk of clinically relevant depressive symptoms and whether the relationship differed according to initial depressive symptom level. METHODS 3302 African(More)
CONTEXT/OBJECTIVE The objective of the study was to determine whether anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) and inhibin B are viable endocrine biomarkers for framing the menopause transition from initiation to the final menstrual period (FMP). DESIGN We assayed AMH, inhibin B, and FSH in 300 archival follicular phase specimens from 50 women with six consecutive(More)
CONTEXT A previous report from the Study of Women Across the Nation indicated a rise in dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS) during the menopausal transition using data from three annual visits. OBJECTIVE Our objective was to examine changes in DHEAS with chronological and ovarian aging, expanding the original analyses to include 10 yr of annual data.(More)
CONTEXT The contribution of reproductive hormones to mood has been the focus of considerable research. Results from clinical and epidemiological studies have been inconsistent. It remains unclear whether alterations in serum hormone levels across the menopausal transition are linked to depressive symptoms. OBJECTIVES To evaluate the relationship between(More)
There is a need to better understand potential bone mineral density (BMD) loss during the menopausal transition since this period may include the initiation of interventions. The study purpose was to determine if there was BMD loss at the femoral neck, lumbar spine, or total body bone sites in a population-based study of women approaching or transitioning(More)
The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) variants of the estrogen receptor genes ESR1 and ESR2 and bone mineral density (BMD) of the lumbar spine (LS-BMD) or total hip (hip BMD) in women of 4 races/ethnicities who were premenopausal or in early perimenopause. The sample consisted of 1,301 participants from the(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the impact of processed total motile sperm (PTMS) count on pregnancy after partner intrauterine insemination (IUI). IUI is generally attempted before proceeding to more expensive and invasive assisted-reproductive techniques such as intracytoplasmic sperm injection. Several semen parameters have been shown to correlate with IUI(More)
BACKGROUND The "timing hypothesis," in addressing findings from the Women's Health Initiative trial, suggests that hormone therapy (HT) should be initiated within 6 years of the menopause transition to extend a favorable estrogenic environment after menopause. METHODS We compared sex steroid and cardiovascular profiles at the 5-year follow-up visit in a(More)
Smoking, diet, and physical activity may impact chronic diseases in part by promoting or attenuating oxidative stress. We evaluated associations between lifestyle factors and urine F(2a)-isoprostanes, a marker of oxidative stress in 1610 participants of the Study of Women's Health Across the Nation (SWAN). Dietary intake and physical activity were assessed(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the extent of changes in women's sexual functioning and well-being during the menopausal transition and the relationship to hormonal changes. DESIGN Prospective observational study. SETTING Population-based sample assessed at home. PATIENT(S) 438 Australian-born women 45-55 of years who were still menstruating at baseline. Of(More)