Learn More
Ki67 immunostaining has been performed on 136 primary breast cancers and related to various clinical and pathological features of the disease. Staining was most frequently seen in poorly differentiated tumours showing high rates of mitotic activity, but was independent of tumour size, lymph-node status and ER expression. A high level of Ki67 immunostaining(More)
Immunoreactivity for c-erbB-2 oncogene product expression has been investigated in patients with breast cancer using the polyclonal antibody 21N. Three series of patients were studied, 602 presenting with primary operable cancer, 57 with stage 3 and 123 with stage 4 disease. Representative tissue sections of each primary tumour were stained using a standard(More)
We have assessed the pharmacokinetics, pharmacological and anti-tumour effects of the specific steroidal anti-oestrogen ICI 182780 in 19 patients with advanced breast cancer resistant to tamoxifen. The agent was administered as a monthly depot intramuscular injection. Peak levels of ICI 182780 occurred a median of 8-9 days after dosing and then declined but(More)
The 'growth fraction' of tumours can now be assessed on paraffin sections of tissues using the monoclonal antibody MIB1 by a microwave antigen retrieval technique. The MIB1 labelling index was studied using a CAS 200 image analyser in 177 tumours from women with primary operable breast carcinoma in whom long-term follow-up data were known. Statistical(More)
A series of 346 patients with primary operable breast cancer and a series of 145 patients with advanced breast cancer were investigated for c-erbB-3 protein expression using the monoclonal antibody RTJ1. Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tumour samples were stained using a standard immunochemical method and staining was assessed on a four-point scale. The(More)
BACKGROUND It has been shown in in-vitro experiments that "withdrawal" of tamoxifen inhibits growth of tumor cells. However, evidence is scarce when this is extrapolated into clinical context. We report our experience to verify the clinical relevance of "withdrawal therapy". METHODS Breast cancer patients since 1998 who fulfilled the following criteria(More)
Aberrant glycosylation on glycoproteins that are either presented on the surface or secreted by cancer cells is a potential source of disease biomarkers and provides insights into disease pathogenesis. N-Glycans of the total serum glycoproteins from advanced breast cancer patients and healthy individuals were sequenced by HPLC with fluorescence detection(More)
BACKGROUND Autoantibodies may be present in a variety of underlying cancers several years before tumours can be detected and testing for their presence may allow earlier diagnosis. We report the clinical validation of an autoantibody panel in newly diagnosed patients with lung cancer (LC). PATIENTS AND METHODS Three cohorts of patients with newly(More)
Oestrogen receptor (ER) expression in breast cancer is regarded as a phenotype that may change during the natural history of the disease or during endocrine therapy. It has been suggested that in up to 70% of tumours that show acquired resistance the mechanism may be changed in ER status from positive to negative. This paper proposes an alternative(More)
Several oncogenes and tumour-suppressor genes have been identified that may have an important role in the development of human breast carcinoma. Furthermore, some of these gene alterations may be linked to the development of invasion and subsequent metastasis. Alterations in the expression of ras p21, p53 and c-erbB-2 have all been linked to tumours with(More)