John F. Peppin

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Our objective was to investigate the efficacy and safety of alvimopan, a peripherally acting mu-opioid receptor (PAM-OR) antagonist, in subjects with non-cancer pain and opioid-induced bowel dysfunction (OBD), and to identify at least one treatment regimen that improves OBD. Following a 2-week baseline period, 522 subjects reporting <3 spontaneous bowel(More)
OBJECTIVE A panel of experts in pain medicine and public policy convened to examine root causes and risk factors for opioid-related poisoning deaths and to propose recommendations to reduce death rates. METHODS Panelists reviewed results from a search of PubMed and state and federal government sources to assess frequency, demographics, and risk factors(More)
BACKGROUND Short-acting opioids are commonly used to treat breakthrough pain (BTP) and rapid-onset formulations are being developed to improve the effectiveness of this approach. Fentanyl buccal tablet (FBT) is a new formulation of fentanyl that enhances transbuccal drug delivery via an effervescent reaction and may provide relatively rapid-onset analgesia.(More)
AIMS To assess efficacy, safety, and tolerability of NGX-4010, capsaicin 8% patch, in patients with peripheral neuropathic pain. METHODS This open-label, uncontrolled, 12-week study enrolled 25 patients with postherpetic neuralgia (PHN), one with HIV-distal sensory polyneuropathy, and 91 with painful diabetic neuropathy (PDN). Patients received(More)
OBJECTIVE More than 25% of the US population experiences chronic pain; yet few physicians specialize in the field of pain medicine. This article will review a theoretical model of care that stratifies treatment and patients by level and type of complexity and promotes communication between specialist and primary care providers. DISCUSSION The(More)
OBJECTIVE Several prominent guidelines recommend that patients on long-term opioid therapy have periodic urine drug monitoring (UDM) for appropriate use; however, none address the specific questions of which patients to test, which substances to test for, how often to test, and how to act on the results. DESIGN In the absence of adequate scientific(More)
Patients requiring chronic opioid therapy may not respond to or tolerate the first opioid prescribed to them, necessitating rotation to another opioid. They may also require dose increases for a number of reasons, including worsening disease and increased pain. Dose escalation to restore analgesia using the primary opioid may lead to increased adverse(More)
The treatment of neuropathic pain is difficult. Oral pharmaceuticals have significant side effects, and treatment efficacy tends to be modest. The use of topical analgesics reduces the potential for systemic side effects and allows direct application of medications to the area of pain. The natural spicy substance, capsaicin, has historically been known for(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE NGX-4010 (QUTENZA(™); NeurogesX Inc, San Mateo, CA), a capsaicin 8% dermal patch, is licensed in the European Union for the treatment of peripheral neuropathic pain (PNP) in nondiabetic adults and in the United States for the treatment of neuropathic pain associated with postherpetic neuralgia (PHN). While NGX-4010 treatment is associated(More)
Since their appearance in 1850, Pharmaceutical Sales Representatives (PSR) interactions with physicians have engendered intense emotional responses. The controversy has continued unabated since that time. Arguments in favor of the moral impermissibility of the PSR-physician relationship can be divided into four general categories; (1) influence, (2)(More)