John F. Peberdy

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The nematophagous fungus Verticillium chlamydosporium secreted several proteases in submerged culture in which soya peptone was the sole carbon and nitrogen source. One protease, VCP1 (M(r) 33,000, pI 10.2), was purified 14-fold from culture filtrates to apparent homogeneity using preparative isoelectric focusing in free solution, and shown to rapidly(More)
The diversity of endophytic and saprobic fungi from Magnolia liliifera leaves were observed and analyzed to establish relationships. Nine endophytes were morphologically and phylogenetically similar to the saprobes; Colletotrichum gloeosporioides, Colletotrichum sp. 2, Corynespora cassiicola, Fusarium sp. 1, Guignardia mangiferae, Leptosphaeria sp.,(More)
Enzymes from filamentous fungi are already widely exploited, but new applications for known enzymes and new enzymic activities continue to be found. In addition, enzymes from less amenable non-fungal sources require heterologous production and fungi are being used as the production hosts. In each case there is a need to improve production and to ensure(More)
The production of chitinase by Trichoderma species is of interest in relation to their use in biocontrol and as a source of mycolytic enzymes. Fourteen isolates of the genus were screened to identify the most effective producer of chitinase. The best strain for chitinase was Trichoderma harzianum 39.1, and this was selected for study of the regulation of(More)
A chitinolytic enzyme was purified from the culture filtrate of T. harzianum (T198) by precipitation with ammonium sulphate followed by affinity binding to swollen chitin and release with 10% (v/v) acetic acid. The molecular weight of the enzyme was calculated to be 28 and 27.5 kD by gel filtration chromatography and SDS-PAGE, respectively. The isoelectric(More)
A secreted invertase was purified 23-fold by ultrafiltration, ion-exchange, and gel filtration chromatography from the culture supernatant of 18h sucrose-grown cultures of Aspergillus niger. The purified enzyme hydrolysed sucrose and raffinose but there was no detectable hydrolysis of inulin, melezitose or PNPG. Invertase activity was optimal at pH 5.5 and(More)
Aspergillus nidulans produces an extracellular beta-D-fructofuranoside fructohydrolase (invertase) when grown on a medium containing the beta-fructofuranosides sucrose or raffinose, indicating that synthesis is subject to induction by the substrate. On a growth medium containing sucrose, production was maximal at 15 h in cultures incubated at 28 C degrees.(More)
One of the most economically-viable processes for the bioconversion of many types of lignocellulosic wastes is represented by edible mushroom cultivation. Lentinula edodes, Volvariella volvacea and Pleurotus sajor-caju are three important commercially cultivated mushrooms which exhibit varying abilities to utilise different lignocellulosics as growth(More)
The isolation of Ewingella americana, an unusual Enterobacteriaceae, is reported here for the first time in a non-animal reservoir. Thirty-five strains of E. americana have been recovered from the cultivated mushroom, Agaricus bisporus. The biochemical characteristics of these strains are consistent with previously published descriptions of this species(More)
The effect of ambient pH on production and glycosylation of glucoamylase (GAM) and on the generation of a morphological mutant produced by Aspergillus niger strain B1 (a transformant containing an additional 20 copies of the homologous GAM glaA gene) was studied. We have shown that a change in the pH from 4 to 5.4 during continuous cultivation of the A.(More)