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The recent release of the complete euchromatic genome sequence of Drosophila melanogaster offers a unique opportunity to explore the evolutionary history of transposable elements (TEs) within the genome of a higher eukaryote. In this report, we describe the annotation and phylogenetic comparison of 178 full-length long terminal repeat (LTR) retrotransposons(More)
MOTIVATION Long terminal repeat (LTR) retrotransposons constitute a substantial fraction of most eukaryotic genomes and are believed to have a significant impact on genome structure and function. Conventional methods used to search for LTR retrotransposons in genome databases are labor intensive. We present an efficient, reliable and automated method to(More)
We report the results of a phylogenetic survey of the retrotransposon copia in the melanogaster subgroup of the Drosophila genus. The polymerase chain reaction was used to amplify the copia 5' long terminal repeat and the adjacent untranslated leader region from representative melanogaster subgroup species. Restriction and sequence analyses of this region(More)
Mutation is the ultimate source of all genetic variation in natural populations and is generally considered a prerequisite for evolution. Although transposable elements are acknowledged as a major source of spontaneous mutations, the evolutionary significance of these mobile pieces of DNA remains the subjects of some debate. In this perspective, I discuss(More)
The evolutionary dynamics existing between transposable elements (TEs) and their host genomes have been likened to an "arms race." The selfish drive of TEs to replicate, in turn, elicits the evolution of host-mediated regulatory mechanisms aimed at repressing transpositional activity. It has been postulated that horizontal (cross-species) transfer may be(More)
In porcine aortic endothelial cells, the 21-amino acid peptide endothelin-1 (ET-1) is formed from a 39-amino acid intermediate called "big endothelin-1" (big ET-1) by a putative ET-converting enzyme (ECE) that cleaves the 39-mer at the bond between Trp-21 and Val-22. Since big ET-1 has only 1/100-1/150th the contractile activity of ET-1, inhibition of ECE(More)
The Saccharomyces cerevisiae genome contains five families of long terminal repeat (LTR) retrotransposons, Ty1-Ty5. The sequencing of the S. cerevisiae genome provides an unprecedented opportunity to examine the patterns of molecular variation existing among the entire genomic complement of Ty retrotransposons. We report the results of an analysis of the(More)
Retrotransposons are the most abundant and widespread class of eukaryotic transposable elements. The recent genome sequencing of Caenorhabditis elegans has provided an unprecedented opportunity to analyze the evolutionary relationships among the entire complement of retrotransposons within a multicellular eukaryotic organism. In this article we report the(More)
The recent completion of the sequencing of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae genome provides a unique opportunity to analyze the evolutionary relationships existing among the entire complement of retrotransposons residing within a single genome. In this article we report the results of such an analysis of two closely related families of yeast long terminal(More)