John F Kuemmerle

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BACKGROUND & AIMS The role of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) in regulating the peristaltic reflex in humans is unknown. The neural pathways subserving peristalsis induced by mucosal stimulation were characterized in human jejunum and guinea pig colon. METHODS Compartmented flat-sheet preparations that enable measurement of 5-HT and sensory transmitter release(More)
The intestinal peristaltic reflex can be elicited by mucosal stimulation or circular muscle stretch. Muscle stretch activates extrinsic, whereas mucosal stimulation activates intrinsic calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP)-containing sensory neurons. The present study examined the role of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) in sensory transmission. A(More)
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) has been postulated to participate in inflammation-induced visceral hypersensitivity by modulating the sensitivity of visceral afferents through the activation of intracellular signalling pathways such as the extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) pathway. In the current study, we assessed the expression levels(More)
Endogenous insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-I) stimulates growth of cultured human intestinal smooth muscle by activating distinct mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase-dependent and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase-dependent signaling pathways. In Rat1 and Balb/c3T3 fibroblasts and in neurons the IGF-I receptor is coupled to an inhibitory G protein, G(i),(More)
We have previously shown that agonist-induced Ca2+ mobilization in intestinal longitudinal muscle is mediated by ryanodine-sensitive, inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate-insensitive sacroplasmic Ca2+ channels. Ca2+ release via these channels is triggered by agonist-stimulated Ca2+ influx and results in Ca(2+)-induced Ca2+ release. The present study examined(More)
Endogenous IGF-I regulates growth of human intestinal smooth muscle cells by jointly activating phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) and ERK1/2. The 70-kDa ribosomal S6 kinase (p70S6 kinase) is a key regulator of cell growth activated by several independently regulated kinases. The present study characterized the role of p70S6 kinase in IGF-I-induced growth(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Transforming growth factor (TGF)-alpha, insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I, and TGF-beta 1 are expressed in vivo by intestinal smooth muscle. The aim of this study was to determine whether these growth factors were produced by human intestinal muscle cells in culture and to identify their roles in regulating growth. METHODS Muscle cells(More)
We have previously shown that endogenous IGF-I regulates human intestinal smooth muscle cell proliferation by activation of phosphatidylinositol 3 (PI3)-kinase- and Erk1/2-dependent pathways that jointly regulate cell cycle progression and cell division. Whereas insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) stimulates PI3-kinase-dependent activation of Akt,(More)
Endogenous insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) regulates intestinal smooth muscle growth by concomitantly stimulating proliferation and inhibiting apoptosis. IGF-I-stimulated growth is augmented by the alpha(v)beta(3) integrin ligands vitronectin and fibronectin. IGF-I expression in smooth muscle is increased in both TNBS-induced colitis and Crohn's(More)
Interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) were examined for their ability to regulate the activity and protein levels of inducible nitric oxide synthase (NOS II) in cultured rat colonic smooth muscle cells. Treatment with these agents resulted in a time-dependent increase in NOS II activity. After(More)