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We present an interactive system that lets a user move and deform a two-dimensional shape without manually establishing a skeleton or freeform deformation (FFD) domain beforehand. The shape is represented by a triangle mesh and the user moves several vertices of the mesh as constrained handles. The system then computes the positions of the remaining free(More)
Sketching communicates ideas rapidly through approximate visual images with low overhead (pencil and paper), no need for precision or specialized knowledge, and ease of low-level correction and revision. In contrast, most 3D computer modeling systems are good at generating arbitrary views of precise 3D models and support high-level editing and revision. The(More)
We introduce SmoothSketch---a system for inferring plausible 3D free-form shapes from visible-contour sketches. In our system, a user's sketch need not be a simple closed curve as in Igarashi's Teddy [1999], but may have cusps and T-junctions, i.e., endpoints of hidden parts of the contour. We follow a process suggested by Williams [1994] for inferring a(More)
Nonphotorealistic rendering (NPR) can help make comprehensible but simple pictures of complicated objects by employing an economy of line. But current nonphotorealistic rendering is primarily a batch process. This paper presents a real-time nonphotorealistic renderer that deliberately trades accuracy and detail for speed. Our renderer uses a method for(More)
Fme-form defommtion (FFD) is a powerful modeting tool, but contmtling the shape of an object under complex deformations is often ~cult. 'fhe interface to FFD in most conventional syetems simply mpments the unddying mathematics directly, ur3ent&-acdbe deformations by manipulating control points. lhe difEculty in controlling shape precisely is largely due to(More)
We present a system that lets a designer directly annotate a 3D model with strokes, imparting a personal aesthetic to the non-photorealistic rendering of the object. The artist chooses a "brush" style, then draws strokes over the model from one or more viewpoints. When the system renders the scene from any new viewpoint, it adapts the number and placement(More)
We describe the use of non-verbal features in voice for direct control of interactive applications. Traditional speech recognition interfaces are based on an indirect, conversational model. First the user gives a direction and then the system performs certain operation. Our goal is to achieve more direct, immediate interaction like using a button or(More)