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The herniation of the nucleus pulposus into the vertebral body produces ectopic deposit of disc material which are known as Schmorl's nodes. This prolapsed disc tissue leaves characteristic deformations on the surface of the vertebral body and hence the incidence of this lesion can be studied in skeletal remains. This report describes the occurrence of(More)
A number of social and psychological factors present in most adolescent parents place them at high risk for abusive behavior toward their children. However, current child abuse potential measures do not include adolescent samples as part of the psychometric data base. Consequently, the purpose of this study was twofold: (1) to investigate whether a Black(More)
Dental caries prevalence, distribution, and site of attack was investigated in a Scottish Mediaeval population. The findings supported previous reports, which suggested that caries prevalence in Scotland was lower than in contemporaneous English populations. Attrition of the occlusal surface of the teeth with accompanying alteration of the anatomy of the(More)
Dental caries prevalence, distribution and site of attack were in broad agreement with previous reports for Mediaeval Scots, namely that caries was principally a disease of adult life and showed a different location distribution from that of modern caries. The findings reinforce evidence that caries prevalence in Scotland was lower than in England at that(More)
Neonatal death (mainly due to tetanus) was common in St Kilda until 1891. Two aspects of this phenomenon are studied; factors which predicted death, and the impact of neonatal death on family building. Maternal age appeared to be a predictive factor for death of the first child, but only in children of high birth order were other factors, particularly the(More)
Some factors affecting marital distances have been studied in two Outer Hebridean islands, Harris (843 marriages) and Barra (444 marriages), over the period 1855-1990. In each island marital distances fell before 1900, but then rose to their greatest values after the 1950s. Fisherman generally married at the shortest distances and men in land-based(More)
Estimates of fertility in Protestant Barra and Catholic Harris, islands in the Outer Hebrides, over the period 1856-1985, show that in both islands fertility declined, although marital fertility was generally greater than in Scotland as a whole, and illegitimate fertility was less. However, in Barra during 1966-75 there were pronounced rises in all the(More)
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