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The human superior temporal cortex plays a critical role in hearing, speech, and language, yet its functional organization is poorly understood. Evoked potentials (EPs) to auditory click-train stimulation presented binaurally were recorded chronically from penetrating electrodes implanted in Heschl's gyrus (HG), from pial-surface electrodes placed on the(More)
Transient broad-band stimuli that mimic in their spectrum and time waveform sounds arriving from a speaker in free space were delivered to the tympanic membranes of barbiturized cats via sealed and calibrated earphones. The full array of such signals constitutes a virtual acoustic space (VAS). The extra-cellular response to a single stimulus at each VAS(More)
Two transient sounds, considered as a conditioner followed by a probe, were delivered successively from the same or different direction in virtual acoustic space (VAS) while recording from single neurons in primary auditory cortex (AI) of cats under general anesthesia. Typically, the response to the probe sound was progressively suppressed as the interval(More)
The experiments reported here describe the abilities of young auditory cortical neurons to encode information about tone bursts having frequencies above 2.5 kHz. The studies were carried out in anesthetized kittens ranging from 8 to 44 days of age. At all ages studied, stimulation of the contralateral ear was most effective in evoking spikes. Typically the(More)
Functional connections between auditory fields on Heschl's gyrus (HG) and the acoustically responsive posterior lateral superior temporal gyrus (field PLST) were studied using electrical stimulation and recording methods in patients undergoing diagnosis and treatment of intractable epilepsy. Averaged auditory (click-train) evoked potentials were recorded(More)
In natural face-to-face communication, speech perception utilizes both auditory and visual information. We described previously an acoustically responsive area on the posterior lateral surface of the superior temporal gyrus (field PLST) that is distinguishable on physiological grounds from other auditory fields located within the superior temporal plane.(More)
Combined injections of [3H]proline and horseradish peroxidase (HRP) were made into acoustically responsive cortical association areas on the middle suprasylvian gyrus (MSA) and anterior lateral gyrus (ALA) in the cat. Sources and terminations of cortical axons were located within the claustrum. There are three findings: (1) MSA and ALA project to and(More)
The region of cerebral cortex in the owl monkey that is responsive to acoustic stimulation is located on the dorsal and lateral surfaces of the rostral half of the superior temporal gyrus. Systematic microelectrode mapping of this area has revealed multiple frequency representations. The boundaries of these fields determined electrophysiologically correlate(More)
1. The interaural-phase-difference (IPD) sensitivity of single neurons in the primary auditory (AI) cortex of the anesthetized cat was studied at stimulus frequencies ranging from 120 to 2,500 Hz. Best frequencies of the 43 AI cells sensitive to IPD ranged from 190 to 2,400 Hz. 2. A static IPD was produced when a pair of low-frequency tone bursts, differing(More)
A spherical approximation technique is presented that affords a mathematical characterization of a virtual space receptive field (VSRF) based on first-spike latency in the auditory cortex of cat. Parameterizing directional sensitivity in this fashion is much akin to the use of difference-of-Gaussian (DOG) functions for modeling neural responses in visual(More)