Learn More
The depletion of striatal dopamine (DA) that can occur after methamphetamine (METH) administration has been linked to METH-induced hyperthermia. The relationship between METH-induced hyperthermia, neurotoxicity (striatal DA depletions) and compounds that protect against METH neurotoxicity was further investigated in this study. Typically, rats exposed to(More)
The effects of developmental age on (+/-)-3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA)-induced reductions in 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) content and 5-HT reuptake sites were investigated in conjunction with the effects of developmental age on MDMA-induced thermoregulatory responses. MDMA was administered to rats at postnatal days (PND) 10, 40 and 70 in a range(More)
Plasma levels of parent compounds and metabolites were determined in adult rhesus monkeys after doses of either 5mg/kg d-fenfluramine (FEN) or 10mg/kg d-3, 4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) i.m. twice daily for four consecutive days. These treatment regimens have been previously shown to produce long-term serotonin (5-HT) depletions. Peak plasma levels(More)
Extracellular levels of d-amphetamine (AMPH) in caudate/putamen were determined using microdialysis and HPLC quantitation after s.c. doses that produced increased motor activity (1 mg/kg), stereotypic behavior (2.5 mg/kg) or dopamine depletion in the caudate/putamen (4 x 5 mg/kg). In 6-mo-old rats exposed to neurotoxic doses of AMPH sulfate (4 x 5 mg/kg in(More)
An objective of many functional genomics studies is to estimate treatment-induced changes in gene expression. cDNA arrays interrogate each tissue sample for the levels of mRNA for hundreds to tens of thousands of genes, and the use of this technology leads to a multitude of treatment contrasts. By-gene hypotheses tests evaluate the evidence supporting no(More)
Histological examination of brain after a single high (40 mg/kg) dose of D-methamphetamine (METH) was used to determine the relationships between blood-brain barrier (BBB) disruption, hyperthermia, intense seizure activity, and extensive degeneration that this exposure often produces. In very hyperthermic mice (body temperatures > 40.5 degrees C) exhibiting(More)
Neuronal cell death in hippocampal remnants was seen after methamphetamine (METH) exposure. Two techniques (Fluoro-Jade labeling and argyrophylia) showed that neuronal degeneration occurred in the indusium griseum, tenia tecta and fasciola cinerea within 5 days post-METH exposure in 70% of the mice. Neurodegeneration also occasionally occurred in the(More)
Brain temperature monitoring and microdialysis were performed simultaneously in the caudate/putamen (CPu) of conscious, freely moving rats dosed with d-amphetamine (AMPH). The brain temperature was determined via a thermistor inserted through a microdialysis guide cannula located in the left CPu, while the microdialysis probe was positioned in the right(More)
The gene coding for arylformamidase (Afmid, also known as kynurenine formamidase) was inactivated in mice through the removal of a shared bidirectional promoter region regulating expression of the Afmid and thymidine kinase (Tk) genes. Afmid/Tk -deficient mice are known to develop sclerosis of glomeruli and to have an abnormal immune system. Afmid-catalyzed(More)
Changes in the histological morphology of the caudate-putamen (CPu) were determined after a high-dose methamphetamine (METH) exposure in an effort to elucidate whether BBB disruption plays a role in CPu neurotoxicity. This was accomplished by evaluating the tyrosine hydroxylase immunoreactivity (TH-IR), isolectin B4 reactivity, Black Gold II (BG-II) and(More)