John F Ashton

Learn More
OBJECTIVE To examine the estrogenic and androgenic activity of Lepidium meyenii (Maca) and its effect on the hormonal profile and symptoms in postmenopausal women. DESIGN Fourteen postmenopausal women completed a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover trial. They received 3.5 g/day of powered Maca for 6 weeks and matching placebo for 6(More)
The role of the placenta in controlling the supply of fatty acids to the fetus was investigated in term placentas (n = 5) from normal pregnancies. The maternal side was perfused ex vivo for 90 min with a modified Krebs Ringer solution containing a physiological mixture of fatty acids - designed to mimic the composition of non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA)(More)
Differences in the dietary intake of cobalt were assessed for vegans, lacto-ovo-vegetarian and non-vegetarian Australians using food intake logs, and daily or average trend recall over three months. A significant decrease in cobalt intake was observed for the lacto-ovo-vegetarian population compared with the intake in vegans and omnivores. There is no RDI(More)
Energy expenditure was measured over 10 d using the doubly-labelled water (DLW) and activity diary methods in summer and winter in subjects with 'light' occupations but leisure activities which ranged from 'non-active' to 'very active'. The basal metabolic rate (BMR) and the energy cost of activities were determined by indirect calorimetry. The Department(More)
The role of the placenta in controlling the supply of fatty acids to the fetus was investigated in term placentae (n = 9) from normal pregnancies. The maternal side was perfused ex vivo for 90 min with a modified Krebs Ringer solution containing a physiological mixture of fatty acids and ratio of fatty acid to human albumin. There was no evidence of chain(More)
The purpose of the present study was to estimate whole-body fatty acid and cholesterol synthesis in weight-stable adults and to determine the likely effect on the doubly-labelled water (DLW) method for measuring energy expenditure. Synthesis was measured by 2H incorporation over 14 d in six adult males in approximate energy balance following noradrenaline(More)
Germination of seven selected commercially important grains was studied to establish its effects on the nutritional and chemical composition. The changes in the concentration of the nutrients, bioactive compounds and the inhibitory effect of extracts on α-glucosidase and α-amylase activities were investigated. These were measured through proximate analysis,(More)
The cobalt content of Australian foods is unknown, and as this content is, at least in part, related to the respective concentrations in the Australian soil, data collected previously in other countries may not reflect the levels in Australian produce. To compare reported food cobalt levels to that found in Australian foods, one hundred and fifty different(More)
Energy expenditure was estimated using the doubly-labelled water (DLW) method in summer in five free-living adult, non-pregnant, non-lactating, red deer (Cervus elaphus) hinds (weight 107.3 (SE 0.9) kg; age 6 (SE 1) years) on lowland pasture under typical farming conditions. Climatic conditions were monitored throughout the experiment. Errors due to 2H(More)
The activities of 2 peptidases, angiotensin-I converting enzyme (ACE) and neutral metalloendopeptidase (NEP), were measured in serum from patients with adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). As noted by others, we found that the specific activity of serum ACE was reduced in patients with severe alveolocapillary damage caused by ARDS. In addition,(More)