John Ethan Oeltmann

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SETTING Botswana. OBJECTIVES To estimate frequencies of tuberculosis (TB) treatment outcomes, assess the validity of reported treatment outcomes, and identify risk factors for death during TB treatment among children aged <15 years during 1998-2002. DESIGN We examined TB treatment outcome frequencies using the national Electronic TB Registry (ETR) data.(More)
BACKGROUND The true burden of reactivation of remote latent tuberculosis infection (reactivation TB) among foreign-born persons with tuberculosis (TB) within the United States is not known. Our study objectives were to estimate the proportion of foreign-born persons with TB due reactivation TB and to describe characteristics of foreign-born persons with(More)
PURPOSE To explore the relationship between perceived global life satisfaction and selected substance use behaviors among 5032 public high school students. METHODS The 1997 South Carolina Youth Risk Behavior Survey substance abuse and life satisfaction variables were used. An adjusted polychotomous logistic regression analysis utilizing SAS/SUDAAN,(More)
OBJECTIVES To describe the prevalence of smoking and alcohol use and abuse in an impoverished rural region of western Kenya. METHODS Picked from a population-based longitudinal database of demographic and health census data, 72 292 adults (≥18 years) were asked to self-report their recent (within the past 30 days) and lifetime use of tobacco and alcohol(More)
BACKGROUND Genotyping of Mycobacterium tuberculosis has revealed 4 major phylogenetic lineages with differential distribution worldwide. It is not clear whether different lineages are associated with different sites of infection (eg, pulmonary tuberculosis versus extrapulmonary tuberculosis). We sought to determine whether M. tuberculosis lineage is(More)
PURPOSE To examine the relationship between number of sexual partners and selected health risk behaviors in a statewide sample of public high school students. METHODS The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Youth Risk Behavior Survey was used to secure usable sexual risk-taking, substance use, and violence/aggression data from 3805 respondents.(More)
The South Carolina Tuberculosis (TB) Control Division ranked all the TB genotype clusters (two or more cases with matching genotypes) in the state based on the number of cases. The largest cluster, PCR00002, was investigated to determine if the cluster represented recent Mycobacterium tuberculosis transmission, and if so, to identify associated risk(More)
SETTING Mycobacterium tuberculosis comprises four principal genetic lineages: one evolutionarily ancestral (Indo-Oceanic) and three modern. Whether response to tuberculosis (TB) treatment differs among the lineages is unknown. OBJECTIVE To examine the association between M. tuberculosis lineage and time to sputum culture conversion in response to standard(More)
To understand circumstances of tuberculosis transmission that strain public health resources, we systematically reviewed Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) staff reports of US outbreaks in which CDC participated during 2002-2008 that involved ≥3 culture-confirmed tuberculosis cases linked by genotype and epidemiology. Twenty-seven outbreaks,(More)
To determine the proportion of reported tuberculosis (TB) cases due to recent transmission in the United States, we conducted a cross-sectional study to examine culture-positive TB cases with complete genotype results (spoligotyping and 12-locus mycobacterial interspersed repetitive unit-variable-number tandem repeat typing) reported during January(More)