John Eric Line

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Strain NRRL B-30745, isolated from chicken ceca and identified as Enterococcus durans, Enterococcus faecium, or Enterococcus hirae, was initially identified as antagonistic to Campylobacter jejuni. The isolate produced a 5,362-Da bacteriocin (enterocin) that inhibits the growth of Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis, S. enterica serovar Choleraesuis, S.(More)
Direct plating is an effective technique for isolation and enumeration of Campylobacters from a variety of sample types; however, distinguishing Campylobacters from non-Campylobacter contaminants that frequently grow on many existing agars is difficult. In this study, it was determined that exposing Campylobacters to low levels (200 mg/liter) of(More)
Two commercially available acidifying litter treatments, aluminum sulfate (alum) and sodium bisulfate, were tested to determine their effects on Campylobacter and Salmonella colonization frequencies and populations associated with broilers raised on treated pine litter. To produce contaminated litter, broiler chicks were inoculated with two bacterial(More)
Campylobacter spp. readily colonize the intestinal tracts of both human and avian species. While most often commensal organisms in birds, campylobacters remain the leading cause of bacterial gastroenteritis in humans. The association of campylobacters with poultry is well established as a primary route for human exposure. The difference in normal core body(More)
The effect of the yeast, Saccharomyces boulardii, on experimental cecal colonization of broilers with Salmonella typhimurium and Campylobacter jejuni was investigated. Duplicate pens of broiler chicks were given ad libitum access to a standard feed supplemented with no yeast (control), or 1 g (1x), or 100 g (100x) dried S. boulardii/kg feed. All chicks(More)
The prevalence of Campylobacter and Salmonella on retail poultry carcasses remains a significant public health concern. The stresses associated with transporting poultry prior to slaughter have been shown to increase pathogen populations both in the intestinal tract and on the carcass exterior. The yeast, Saccharomyces boulardii, was evaluated for its(More)
Clostridium perfringens is a Gram-positive, spore-forming anaerobic bacterium responsible for human food-borne disease as well as non-food-borne human, animal and poultry diseases. Because bacteriophages or their gene products could be applied to control bacterial diseases in a species-specific manner, they are potential important alternatives to(More)
Horizontal transmission of Campylobacter jejuni among broiler chickens has been documented; however, the influence of RH on transmission rates is an important factor that has not been extensively studied. The purpose of our experiments was to determine the rate of C. jejuni colonization among groups of broilers raised in microbiological isolation under high(More)
Campylobacter is an important foodborne human pathogen, which has traditionally been studied using a variety of selective cultivation methods. Here we use next-generation sequencing to ask the following: (i) how selective are commonly used Campylobacter cultivation methods relative to the initial sample and (ii) how do the specificity and sensitivity of(More)
Clostridium perfringens is the third leading cause of human foodborne bacterial disease and is the presumptive etiologic agent of necrotic enteritis among chickens. Treatment of poultry with antibiotics is becoming less acceptable. Endolysin enzymes are potential replacements for antibiotics. Many enzymes are added to animal feed during production and are(More)