John E. Schurig

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Butorphanol, levo-N-cyclobutylmethyl-3, 14beta-dihydroxy-morphinan, is a new agonist-antagonist type analgetic agent which is 4 times more potent than morphine in experimental animals. Equianalgetic doses of butorphanol and morphine were compared, following rapid intravenous injection to anesthetized dogs, for their effects on pulmonary resistance, dynamic(More)
The ferret, a carnivore weighing about 1 kg, was evaluated for its potential use in testing drugs for emetic and antiemetic activity. An acute emetic response to apomorphine indicated that the ferret can respond to emetic stimuli and suggested that the ferret has an emetic chemoreceptor trigger zone. Cisplatin produced a dose-related emetic response.(More)
Tallysomycin S10b (TLM S10b), a structural analog of bleomycin (BLM), was evaluated and compared with BLM for antitumor activity in several murine tumor systems and for toxic effects in mice and rats. Neither TLM S10b nor BLM was effective against IP P388 and L1210 leukemias, whereas both drugs were active against IP P388/J leukemia (a BLM-sensitive(More)
The analgesic agent butorphanol was evaluated for its ability to block cisplatin-induced emesis in ferrets and dogs. In ferrets, butorphanol (0.15, 0.3, or 0.45 mg/kg; expressed in terms of the tartrate salt) administered sc 30 minutes prior to cisplatin (8 mg/kg iv) reduced the number of emetic episodes but did not eliminate them. When these doses of(More)
We evaluated 17 clinically used anticancer drugs for their effects on total WBC and absolute neutrophil counts in BDF1 mice. These drugs were selected from three categories, based on their myelosuppressive effects in man: myelosuppression is dose-limiting; myelosuppression occurs but is not dose-limiting; or myelosuppression does not occur. The ability of(More)
Carboplatin, an analog of the antitumor drug Platinol, was selected for clinical evaluation on the basis of its experimental antitumor and toxicologic profile in animal models. Described in this review is a detailed summary of selected preclinical data accumulated on carboplatin as well as data obtained concomitantly using Platinol. The predominant result(More)
cis-Dichlorodiammineplatinum(II) (cis-platinum) and 40 of its analogs were evaluated for antitumor activity in BDF1 mice implanted ip with 10(6) L1210 leukemia cells. Several of these analogs were also evaluated for their ability to cause elevation in BUN and to produce leukopenia in normal BDF1 mice. In 11 experiments, cis-platinum given on Day 1 or Days(More)
Several novel platinum (IV) mixed ammine/amine dicarboxylate dichlorides of general structure [Pt(IV)Cl2 (OCOY)2 NH3(XNH2)], where Y is aliphatic or aromatic and X is alicyclic or aliphatic, known to be particularly well absorbed following oral administration, were evaluated by that route for their antitumor activity. Testing of the Pt(IV) derivatives took(More)
A series of mitomycin C analogues with secondary amines at position 7 was prepared from mitomycin A. Eleven of the 20 new compounds in this series were more active than mitomycin C against P-388 murine leukemia, and 2 of these 11 were significantly less leukopenic. The two substituents conferring these superior properties were 4-formylpiperazine and(More)