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The periodontal pathogen Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans possesses myriad virulence factors, among them the ability to adhere to and invade epithelial cells. Recent advances in the molecular manipulation of this pathogen and the sequencing of strain HK 1651 (http://www.genome.ou.edu/act.html) have facilitated examination of the genetics of its(More)
Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans SUNY 465, the invasion prototype strain, enters epithelial cells by an actin-dependent mechanism, escapes from the host cell vacuole, and spreads intracellularly and to adjacent epithelial cells via intercellular protrusions. Internalized organisms also egress from host cells into the assay medium via protrusions that(More)
The metabolism of tertiary amines is mediated primarily by cytochrome P-450 and MFAO, leading to alpha-C oxidation and N-oxidation, respectively. We have discussed how lipophilicity, basicity, steric hindrance, and stereochemistry can effect the outcome of metabolism as well as species, sex, and age. The proposed oxidation of tertiary amines to iminium ions(More)
1. The H1-antagonist N,N-dimethyl-N'-2-pyridyl-N'-(2-thienylmethyl)-1,2-ethanediamine (methapyrilene) is carcinogenic in rats. 2. The compound, which is inactive in short-term tests and does not bind to DNA, has been classified as a non-genotoxic carcinogen. 3. Studies have been made in vitro and in vivo in F344 and Sprague-Dawley rats. New metabolites(More)
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