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INTRODUCTION Although the natural history and management of infected open abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair is well described, only sporadic case reports have described the fate of patients with infected endografts placed in the abdominal aorta. The present study describes a tertiary referral center's experience with infected endovascular aneurysm(More)
OBJECTIVE Renal dysfunction following endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) remains a significant source of morbidity and mortality. We studied the use of carbon dioxide (CO(2)) as a non-nephrotoxic contrast agent for EVAR. METHODS Recorded data from 114 consecutive patients who underwent EVAR with CO(2) as the contrast agent over 44 months(More)
BACKGROUND Endovascular revascularization of chronic total occlusion (CTO) of the iliac arteries is rapidly becoming first-line treatment, with surgical aortofemoral bypass procedures reserved for failure of endovascular treatment. Percutaneous subintimal recanalization is the most common endovascular revascularization technique for CTO of the iliac(More)
PURPOSE To present the techniques for endovascular treatment of thrombosed filter-bearing inferior vena cavae (IVCs), along with short-term clinical and imaging follow-up. MATERIALS AND METHODS A total of 45 consecutive patients (17 females and 28 males), aged 19-79 years (mean age of 49 years), who had IVC filter placement complicated by symptomatic(More)
IL-10 is a pleiotropic cytokine that acts as an important regulator of macrophage, T cell, and natural killer cell functions. Human IL-10 (hIL-10) has both stimulatory and inhibitory effects on a wide variety of cell types. Viral IL-10 (vIL-10) possesses only a subset of hIL-10's activities, predominantly its suppression of cytokine synthesis by T helper(More)
Venous thromboembolism (VTE), particularly thrombi in the inferior vena cava (IVC) and pulmonary embolism, can occur after successful extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) and can be associated with adverse outcomes including death. VTE is related to the presence of a venous cannula and in some cases inadequate anticoagulation caused by clinical(More)
Intraventricular flows have been correlated with disease and are of interest to cardiologists as a possible means of diagnosis. This study extends a method that use magnetic resonance (MR) to measure the three-dimensional nature of these flows. Four coplanar, sagittal MR slices were located that spanned the left ventricle of a healthy human. All three(More)
Current plasma markers for diagnosis of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) allow for exclusion of the diagnosis, but lack adequate specificity to establish the diagnosis. Thus, a prospective study was performed to determine the sensitivity and specificity of plasma assays for D-dimer, soluble P-selectin (P-selectin), and total microparticles in patients with(More)
BACKGROUND Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and interleukin 1 (IL-1) are proximal inflammatory cytokines that stimulate expression of adhesion molecules and induce synthesis of other proinflammatory cytokines. In addition, TNF-alpha and IL-1 influence vascular smooth muscle cell migration and proliferation in vitro. In view of the inflammatory nature(More)