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Light microscopic studies have demonstrated significant mismatches in the location of neuropeptides and their respective binding sites in the central nervous system. In the present study we used an antiserum raised against a synthetic peptide corresponding to the carboxyl-terminal tail of the substance P (SP) receptor (SPR) to further explore the(More)
Although there is considerable evidence that primary afferent-derived substance P contributes to the transmission of nociceptive messages at the spinal cord level, the population of neurons that expresses the substance P receptor, and thus are likely to respond to substance P, has not been completely characterized. To address this question, we used an(More)
We have previously demonstrated that the venom of the scorpion Leiurus quinquestriatus blocks small-conductance Cl- channels, derived from epithelial cells, when applied to the cytoplasmic surface. We have now purified to near homogeneity, and characterized, the component responsible for this blocking activity. It is a small basic peptide of 4,070 Da. The(More)
Studies on cultured cells have shown that agonists induce several types of G protein-coupled receptors to undergo internalization. We have investigated this phenomenon in rat striatum, using substance P (SP)-induced internalization of the SP receptor (SPR) as our model system. Within 1 min of a unilateral striatal injection of SP in the anesthetized rat,(More)
Substance P (SP) is a putative neurotransmitter in both the peripheral and central nervous systems. In the present report we have used a modification of the Young and Kuhar technique to investigate some of the SP receptors binding properties and the distribution of SP receptors in rat brain. Tritiated SP [( 3H]SP) absorbed extensively to glass but this(More)
The amyloid beta-peptide (Abeta) is the major constituent of neuritic plaques in Alzheimer's disease and occurs as a soluble 40-42-residue peptide in cerebrospinal fluid and blood of both normal and AD subjects. It is unclear whether Abeta, once it is secreted by cells, remains free in biological fluids or is associated with other proteins and thus(More)
Amyloid beta-proteins (A beta) are proteolytic fragments of the beta-amyloid precursor protein (beta APP) that are secreted by mammalian cells throughout life but also accumulate progressively as insoluble cerebral aggregates in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Because mounting evidence indicates that A beta aggregation and deposition are early, critical features(More)
In vivo somatosensory stimuli evoked the release of substance P from primary afferent neurons that terminate in the spinal cord and stimulated endocytosis of substance P receptors in rat spinal cord neurons. The distal dendrites that showed substance P receptor internalization underwent morphological reorganization, changing from a tubular structure to one(More)
A major pathological feature of Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the presence of a high density of amyloid plaques in the brain tissue of patients. The plaques are predominantly composed of human beta-amyloid peptide beta A4, a 40-mer whose neurotoxicity is related to its aggregation. Certain metals have been proposed as risk factors for AD, but the mechanism by(More)
To determine the stability of beta-amyloid peptide (Abeta) and the glial and neuronal changes induced by Abeta in the CNS in vivo, we made single injections of fibrillar Abeta (fAbeta), soluble Abeta (sAbeta), or vehicle into the rat striatum. Injected fAbeta is stable in vivo for at least 30 d after injection, whereas sAbeta is primarily cleared within 1(More)