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The amyloid-beta (Abeta) peptide, which likely plays a key role in Alzheimer disease, is derived from the amyloid-beta precursor protein (APP) through consecutive proteolytic cleavages by beta-site APP-cleaving enzyme and gamma-secretase. Unexpectedly gamma-secretase inhibitors can increase the secretion of Abeta peptides under some circumstances. This(More)
Neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors are members of the ligand-gated ion channel receptor superfamily and may play important roles in modulating neurotransmission, cognition, sensory gating, and anxiety. Because of its distribution and abundance in the CNS, the alpha 7 nicotinic receptor is a strong candidate to be involved in some of these functions.(More)
The 5-HT3 receptor antagonist tropisetron (ICS 205-930) was found to be a potent and selective partial agonist at alpha7 nicotinic receptors. Two other 5-HT3 receptor antagonists, ondansetron and LY-278,584, were found to lack high affinity at the alpha7 nicotinic receptor. Quinuclidine analogues (1 and 2) of tropisetron were also found to be potent and(More)
3-(1,2,5,6-Tetrahydro-4-pyridyl)-5-n-propoxyindole (CP-96,501) was found to be more selective ligand at the serotonin 5-HT1B receptor than the commonly used 5-HT1B agonist, 3-(1,2,5,6-tetrahydro-4-pyridyl)-5-methoxyindole (RU 24969). In rat brain membranes, the tritiated derivative, [3H]CP-96,501, was found to bind with a high affinity (KD, 0.21 nM) to a(More)
Evidence suggests that corticotropin-releasing factor-1 (CRF(1)) receptor antagonists may offer therapeutic potential for the treatment of diseases associated with elevated levels of CRF such as anxiety and depression. A pyrazinone-based chemotype of CRF(1) receptor antagonists was discovered. Structure-activity relationship studies led to the(More)
INTRODUCTION A radioligand for measuring the density of corticotropin-releasing factor subtype-1 receptors (CRF1 receptors) in living animal and human brain with positron emission tomography (PET) would be a useful tool for neuropsychiatric investigations and the development of drugs intended to interact with this target. This study was aimed at discovery(More)
Antidepressant activity of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonists and negative allosteric modulators (NAMs) has led to increased investigation of their behavioral pharmacology. NMDA antagonists, such as ketamine, impair cognition in multiple species and in multiple cognitive domains. However, studies with NR2B subtype-selective NAMs have reported(More)
Phosphodiesterase 10A (PDE10A) inhibitors increase the functionality of striatal medium spiny neurons and produce antipsychotic-like effects in rodents by blocking PDE10A mediated hydrolysis of cAMP and/or cGMP. In the current study, we characterized a radiolabeled PDE10A inhibitor, [(3)H]BMS-843496, and developed an ex vivo PDE10 binding autoradiographic(More)
Heterocyclic replacement of the isophthalamide phenyl ring in hydroxyethylamine (HEA) BACE-1 inhibitors was explored. A variety of indole-1,3-dicarboxamide HEAs exhibited potent BACE-1 enzyme inhibition, but displayed poor cellular activity. Improvements in cellular activity and aspartic protease selectivity were observed for 7-azaindole-1,3-dicarboxamide(More)
During the course of our research efforts to develop a potent and selective γ-secretase inhibitor for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease, we investigated a series of carboxamide-substituted sulfonamides. Optimization based on potency, Notch/amyloid-β precursor protein selectivity, and brain efficacy after oral dosing led to the discovery of 4(More)