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An Aspergillus parasiticus gene, designated apa-2, was identified as a regulatory gene associated with aflatoxin biosynthesis. The apa-2 gene was cloned on the basis of overproduction of pathway intermediates following transformation of fungal strains with cosmid DNA containing the aflatoxin biosynthetic genes nor-1 and ver-1. Transformation of an(More)
Aflatoxins are toxic and carcinogenic secondary metabolites produced by the fungi Aspergillus flavus and A. parasiticus. Aflatoxins are synthesized by condensation of acetate units; their synthesis is estimated to involve at least 16 different enzymes. In this study we have shown that at least nine genes involved in the aflatoxin biosynthetic pathway are(More)
Two genes involved in aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) biosynthesis in Aspergillus parasiticus, nor-1 and ver-1, were localized to a 35-kb region on one A. parasiticus chromosome and to the genomic DNA fragment carried on a single cosmid, NorA. A physical and transcriptional map of the 35-kb genomic DNA insert in cosmid NorA was prepared to help determine whether other(More)
A novel gene, fas-1A, directly involved in aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) biosynthesis, was cloned by genetic complementation of an Aspergillus parasiticus mutant strain, UVM8, blocked at two unique sites in the AFB1 biosynthetic pathway. Metabolite conversion studies localized the two genetic blocks to early steps in the AFB1 pathway (nor-1 and fas-1A) and confirmed(More)
The nitrate reductase structural gene (niaD) and an niaD mutant strain were isolated from Aspergillus parasiticus and used to develop a homologous transformation system. A transformation frequency of 110 to 120 transformants per microgram linear DNA was obtained with the 10.9 kb plasmid pSL82, which contained the niaD gene of A. parasiticus. Plasmid pSL82(More)
Eukaryotes have evolved highly conserved vesicle transport machinery to deliver proteins to the vacuole. In this study we show that the filamentous fungus Aspergillus parasiticus employs this delivery system to perform new cellular functions, the synthesis, compartmentalization, and export of aflatoxin; this secondary metabolite is one of the most potent(More)
DNA isolated from the wild-type aflatoxin-producing (Afl+) fungus Aspergillus parasiticus NRRL 5862 was used to construct a cosmid genomic DNA library employing the homologous gene (pyrG) encoding orotidine monophosphate decarboxylase for selection of fungal transformants. The cosmid library was transformed into an Afl- mutant, A. parasiticus CS10 (ver-1(More)
Campylobacter jejuni is a globally distributed cause of human food-borne enteritis and has been linked to chronic joint and neurological diseases. We hypothesized that C. jejuni 11168 colonizes the gastrointestinal tract of both C57BL/6 mice and congenic C57BL/6 interleukin-10-deficient (IL-10(-/-)) mice and that C57BL/6 IL-10(-/-) mice experience C. jejuni(More)