John E. Leonard

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Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic neuroinflammatory disease characterized by immune cell infiltration of CNS, blood-brain barrier (BBB) breakdown, localized myelin destruction, and progressive neuronal degeneration. There exists a significant need to identify novel therapeutic targets and strategies that effectively and safely disrupt and even reverse(More)
The humanized IgG4 monoclonal antibody VX15/2503 bound with 1 to 5 nmol/L affinity to purified recombinant semaphorin 4D (SEMA4D; CD100) produced using murine, rat, cynomolgus macaque, and human sequences. The affinity for native SEMA4D expressed on macaque T lymphocytes was approximately 0.6 nmol/L. Tissues from rats and cynomolgus macaques demonstrated(More)
The integral membrane protein responsible for the transport and phosphorylation of D-mannitol in Escherichia coli, the mannitol-specific Enzyme II of the phosphotransferase system (Mr = 60,000), has been purified to apparent homogeneity using a modification of a previously published procedure (Jacobson, G. R., Lee, C. A., and Saier, M. H., Jr. (1979) J.(More)
BACKGROUND Receptor occupancy, or saturation, assays are often utilized in preclinical and clinical development programs to evaluate the binding of a biologic to a cellular target. These assays provide critical information regarding the dose of drug required to "saturate" the target as well as important pharmacodymamic (PD) data. A flow cytometric method(More)
PURPOSE Study objectives included evaluating the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics (PK), pharmacodynamics (PD), and antitumor activity of VX15/2503 in advanced solid tumor patients. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Weekly i.v. doses were administered on a 28-day cycle. Safety, immunogenicity, PK, efficacy, T-cell membrane-associated SEMA4D (cSEMA4D) expression(More)
Semaphorin 4D (SEMA4D, CD100) and its receptor plexin-B1 are broadly expressed in cancer and expression correlates with invasive disease in several human tumors. SEMA4D normally functions to regulate the motility and differentiation of multiple cell types, including those of the immune, vascular, and nervous systems. In the setting of cancer, we describe a(More)
The phosphoenolpyruvate-dependent phosphorylation of glucitol has been shown to require four distinct proteins in Salmonella typhimurium: two general energy-coupling proteins, enzyme I and HPr, and two glucitol-specific proteins, enzyme IIgut and enzyme IIIgut. The enzyme IIgut was solubilized from the membrane and purified about 100-fold, free of the other(More)
Purified mannitol Enzyme II from Escherichia coli was reconstituted in phospholipid vesicles employing the octylglucoside dilution procedure and was shown to catalyze vectorial mannitol 1-phosphate:mannitol transphosphorylation. Reconstitution of the enzyme into liposomes showed a marked dependency upon the octylglucoside concentration with an optimum at(More)
An experience utilizing the carbon dioxide laser for blepharoplasty in a series of 40 patients with an average follow-up of 16 months is reported. The advantages of this method include improved control of intraoperative hemorrhage which occurs because the laser cauterizes small vessels as it cuts tissues. Postoperative ecchymosis and edema are minimal and(More)