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Within the framework of Friederici's (2002) neurocognitive model of sentence processing, the early left anterior negativity (ELAN) in event-related potentials (ERPs) has been claimed to be a brain marker of syntactic first-pass parsing. As ELAN components seem to be exclusively elicited by word category violations (phrase structure violations), they have(More)
Logic has been intertwined with the study of language and meaning since antiquity, and such connections persist in present day research in linguistic theory (formal semantics) and cognitive psychology (e.g., studies of human reasoning). However, few studies in cognitive neuroscience have addressed logical dimensions of sentence-level language processing,(More)
The present study aimed to refine current hypotheses regarding thematic reversal anomalies, which have been found to elicit either N400 or - more frequently - "semantic-P600" (sP600) effects. Our goal was to investigate whether distinct ERP profiles reflect aspectual-thematic differences between Agent-Subject Verbs (ASVs; e.g., 'to eat') and(More)
This event-related potential study examined how the human brain integrates (i) structural preferences, (ii) lexical biases, and (iii) prosodic information when listeners encounter ambiguous 'garden path' sentences. Data showed that in the absence of overt prosodic boundaries, verb-intrinsic transitivity biases influence parsing preferences (late closure)(More)
Agrammatic non-fluent aphasics with frontal lesions (''anterior aphasics;'' e.g., Broca's aphasics) are worse at generating, reading out loud, repeating, writing, and judging regular than irregular inflected forms. Fluent aphasics with temporal/ temporo-parietal lesions (''posterior aphasics;'' e.g., Wernicke's aphasics) show the opposite pattern (Ullman,(More)
Morphological aspects of human language processing have been suggested by some to be reducible to the combination of orthographic and semantic effects, while others propose that morphological structure is represented separately from semantics and orthography and involves distinct neuro-cognitive processing mechanisms. Here we used event-related brain(More)
We used event-related potentials to examine the interaction between two dimensions of discourse comprehension: (i) referential dependencies across sentences (e.g. between the pronoun 'it' and its antecedent 'a novel' in: 'John is reading a novel. It ends quite abruptly'), and (ii) the distinction between reference to events/situations and(More)
This study presents the first two ERP reading studies of comma-induced effects of covert (implicit) prosody on syntactic parsing decisions in English. The first experiment used a balanced 2 × 2 design in which the presence/absence of commas determined plausibility (e.g., John, said Mary, was the nicest boy at the party vs. John said Mary was the nicest boy(More)
Previous research in child language acquisition identifies discrepancies between child and adult use of verbal inflectional morphology In this paper, we consider a case of partial undergeneralization where children's use of the-ed and-ing endings seems constrained by the aspectual class of the host verb. Children, more than adults, seem reluctant to(More)
Research shows that older adults may be more sensitive than young adults to prosody, although performance varies depending on task requirements. Here we used electroencephalography to examine responses to simple phrases produced with an Early or Late boundary, presented with matching or mismatching visual displays. While some older adults successfully(More)