John E. Coligan

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A method to predict the relative binding strengths of all possible nonapeptides to the MHC class I molecule HLA-A2 has been developed based on experimental peptide binding data. These data indicate that, for most peptides, each side-chain of the peptide contributes a certain amount to the stability of the HLA-A2 complex that is independent of the sequence(More)
Human histocompatibility leukocyte antigen (HLA)-E is a nonclassical HLA class I molecule, the gene for which is transcribed in most tissues. It has recently been reported that this molecule binds peptides derived from the signal sequence of HLA class I proteins; however, no function for HLA-E has yet been described. We show that natural killer (NK) cells(More)
CD94 is a C-type lectin expressed by natural killer (NK) cells and a subset of T cells. Blocking studies using anti-CD94 mAbs have suggested that it is a receptor for human leukocyte antigen class I molecules. CD94 has recently been shown to be a 26-kD protein covalently associated with an unidentified 43-kD protein(s). This report shows that NKG2A, a 43-kD(More)
The crystal structure of the extracellular domain of CD94, a component of the CD94/NKG2 NK cell receptor, has been determined to 2.6 A resolution, revealing a unique variation of the C-type lectin fold. In this variation, the second alpha helix, corresponding to residues 102-112, is replaced by a loop, the putative carbohydrate-binding site is significantly(More)
The specificity of four cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) clones which recognize class II major histocompatibility complex (MHC) antigens was analyzed. All clones recognized antigens associated with the serologically defined HLA-DRw6 specificity. The activity of two of these clones, JR-2-2 and JR-2-10, could be inhibited by a monoclonal antibody Q 5/13 specific(More)
The human laminin receptor was purified and molecularly cloned to investigate its biosynthetic regulation. Laminin receptor from normal and neoplastic tissue was preparatively affinity purified to homogeneity based on the high affinity of the receptor for laminin. The apparent molecular weight of the receptor from different carcinoma sources and from normal(More)
Identification of the targets of autoreactive T cells is important for understanding the pathogenesis of many autoimmune diseases. In multiple sclerosis, myelin proteins are thought to be the targets of autoreactive T-cell responses. To date only major histocompatibility complex class II-restricted CD4+ T-cell responses to myelin proteins have been(More)
The potential value of peptide binding motifs of HLA class I molecules for the prediction of viral epitopes presented to T cells has been analyzed for two common HLA alleles. CTL generated against type A influenza virus recognize peptide epitopes derived from the nucleoprotein (NP) and basic polymerase 1 presented by HLA-A1, and epitopes derived from NP(More)
Distinct amino acid (aa) residue motifs for peptides binding to HLA-A1 and HLA-B8 were identified by sequence analyses of reversed-phase HPLC fractions containing endogenous peptides derived from these HLA molecules. Fifteen different primary sequences were determined for HLA-A1-associated peptides, 12 of which were nine aa in length. Common features among(More)
Endothelins are peptides, originally isolated from endothelial cells, with potent vasoactive and mitogenic properties. In this study, we demonstrate that human macrophages synthesize and secrete endothelins. Cultured human macrophages were found by immunocytochemistry to stain positively for endothelin 1 and endothelin 3. Their capability to produce and(More)