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Diverse members of the G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) superfamily participate in a variety of physiological functions and are major targets of pharmaceutical drugs. Here we report that the repertoire of GPCRs for endogenous ligands consists of 367 receptors in humans and 392 in mice. Included here are 26 human and 83 mouse GPCRs not previously(More)
The Kiss1 gene codes for kisspeptin, which binds to GPR54, a G-protein-coupled receptor. Kisspeptin and GPR54 are expressed in discrete regions of the forebrain, and they have been implicated in the neuroendocrine regulation of reproduction. Kiss1-expressing neurons are thought to regulate the secretion of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) and thus(More)
We present a kinetic model of protein synthesis which encompasses initiation, elongation, and termination parameters. We have investigated the dependence of the total rate of protein synthesis and the size of the translating polysomes on each of these parameters and in particular on the level of active 40 S ribosomes and initiation factors. This model(More)
We are concerned with the mechanisms involved in the directed migration of eukaryotic cells. Previously we found that, inside cells at the edge of an experimental wound, the Golgi apparatus and the microtubule-organizing center were rapidly repositioned forward of the nucleus in the direction of subsequent cell migration into the wound. This repositioning(More)
An immunoelectron microscopic study was undertaken to survey the intracellular pathway taken by the integral membrane protein (G-protein) of vesicular stomatitis virus from its site of synthesis in the rough endoplasmic reticulum to the plasma membrane of virus-infected Chinese hamster ovary cells. Intracellular transport of the G-protein was synchronized(More)
The intracellular pathway of biogenesis of the vesicular stomatitis virus transmembrane glycoprotein was investigated in situ by using indirect immunofluorescence of whole infected Chinese hamster ovary cells and immunoelectron microscopy of ultrathin frozen sections of infected cells. Transport of the glycoprotein was synchronized by using the(More)
We studied the effects of changes in microtubule assembly status upon the intracellular transport of an integral membrane protein from the rough endoplasmic reticulum to the plasma membrane. The protein was the G glycoprotein of vesicular stomatitis virus in cells infected with the Orsay-45 temperature-sensitive mutant of the virus; the synchronous(More)
We have altered the structure of the COOH-terminus of the vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) glycoprotein (G) by introducing deletions into a cDNA clone encoding G protein. We examined the effects of these deletions on intracellular transport of G protein after expression of the deleted genes in eucaryotic cells under control of the SV40 late promoter. To(More)
Previous studies have shown that Dictyostelium discoideum spore coat proteins are found in prespore cells, which are localized to the posterior region of migrating slugs, and in the coats of mature spores. Prespore vesicles, identified by morphology and by staining with anti-D. mucoroides spore serum, are also localized in the posterior region of migrating(More)