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BACKGROUND The inability to match lung perfusion to ventilation because of a reduced cardiac output on exercise contributes to reduced exercise capacity in chronic heart failure. OBJECTIVE To quantify ventilation to perfusion matching at rest and at peak exercise in patients with chronic heart failure and relate this to haemodynamic and ventilatory(More)
Radioaerosol measurements of mucociliary clearance have been assessed in relationship to depth of particle penetration into the lung. The tests analysed were performed with 5 microns diameter 99Tcm particles inhaled under standardised conditions but at varying inhalation flow rates. Aerosol lung penetration was assessed by (i) penetration index (PI), a(More)
Tracheobronchial mucociliary clearance was measured with the radioaerosol technique in 25 patients with stable, mild asthma, none of whom was taking systemic corticosteroids. The results were compared with those obtained from a control group of 25 healthy subjects matched for age and sex. All patients and healthy subjects were non-smokers. Ventilatory(More)
Sacroiliac uptake ratios based on 99Tcm methylene diphosphonate images were calculated in 14 patients with ankylosing spondylitis, 23 patients with non-specific backache, 33 patients with inflammatory bowel disease (ulcerative colitis 19, Crohn's disease 14) and 33 control subjects. Twenty-eight of the control subjects were patients referred from a breast(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE To assess the effects of tiotropium on lung mucociliary clearance in COPD. DESIGN Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group study. SETTING Outpatients of an urban-area university teaching hospital. PATIENTS Thirty-four patients with COPD aged 40 to 75 years classified equally into two groups. INTERVENTION Single(More)
We propose a scheme for the assessment of regional mucus transport using inhaled Tc-99m aerosol particles and quantitative analysis of serial gamma-camera images. The model treats input to inner and intermediate lung regions as the total of initial deposition there plus subsequent transport into these regions from more peripheral airways. It allows for(More)
The results of pancreatic scanning with (75)Se-selenomethionine in 393 carefully documented patients over a two-year period are presented. On follow up 50 patients had operatively proven malignant tumours in the gland and a further 22 had similar tumours in adjacent organs, clinically mimicking carcinoma of the pancreas and in many cases causing scan(More)
A new test of pancreatic exocrine function is described in which radioselenium is measured in duodenal aspirate after an intravenous injection of (75)Se-selenomethionine and administration of a Lundh test meal. Duodenal (75)Se activity gave good separation between normals and subjects with disease of the exocrine pancreas and correlated well with trypsin(More)