John Douglas Waterfield

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The macrophage has a major role in normal wound healing and the reparative process around implants. Murine macrophage-like cells RAW 264.7 were used to investigate the effect of titanium surfaces on macrophage activation and secretion of proinflammatory cytokines [interleukin (IL)-1 beta, IL-6, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha] and chemokines (monocyte(More)
An antagonist of human monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1, which consists of MCP-1(9-76), had previously been characterized and shown to inhibit MCP-1 activity in vitro. To test the hypothesis that, by inhibiting endogenous MCP-1, the antagonist has antiinflammatory activity in vivo, we examined its effect in the MRL-lpr mouse model of arthritis. This(More)
This review examines the efficacy of photodynamic therapy in the treatment of immunological disorders. Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a 2-step procedure. Firstly, a photosensitiser is introduced into the body, where it accumulates selectively in cells with elevated metabolism, such as cancer cells or activated cells of the immune system. Second, light is(More)
The use of transcutaneous photodynamic therapy (PDT) has been investigated in the prevention of adjuvant enhanced arthritis in MRL/lpr mice. Mice receiving adjuvant were treated with PDT at 10-day intervals starting on the day of adjuvant administration. PDT was carried out by intravenous injection of the photosensitizer, benzoporphyrin derivative-monoacid(More)
Monocyte-derived cells, including macrophages and foreign body giant cells, can determine the performance of implanted devices. Upon contact with biomaterials, macrophages can be activated into a classic inflammatory (M1) or wound-healing (M2) phenotype. Previously, we showed that high macrophage density on rough SLA implants was associated with early bone(More)
This study compared the effects of carbamide peroxide (CP) and chlorhexidine (CHX) on oral biofilm in vitro. Collagen-coated hydroxyapatite discs were inoculated with subgingival plaque. After 3 weeks, the emergent biofilms were subjected to 1-, 3-, and 10-min exposures of a 1% CHX gel, a 5% CP gel and rinse, and a 10% CP gel and rinse. Subsequently, the(More)
The volatile sulphur compound methyl mercaptan (CH3SH) is a by-product of protein metabolism and a principal component of oral malodour. This investigation examines the effect of CH3SH on the enzymatic activities of cathepsins B and G and elastase, and on the production by human gingival fibroblasts of two key factors, prostaglandin E (PGE) and cAMP, of the(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE The detectors (both solid-state sensors and photostimulable phosphor [PSP] plates) used for digital intraoral radiography cannot be autoclaved, and barriers are typically used to prevent the spread of infection. The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of a barrier envelope system for PSP plates. METHODS(More)
A study was performed on the effect of CFA on the spontaneous arthritis of MRL-lpr mice. The development of swelling and erythema was monitored for 1 mo after injecting 13- to 14-wk-old mice intradermally with CFA, at which time the histopathology of the joints and serologic responses to extracellular matrix proteins were investigated. In a series of six(More)
Although numerous experimental immunomodulatory regimens have been reported to be effective in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, they also produce undesirable side effects. An alternative specific modality of localized treatment is photodynamic therapy (PDT). In this study we treated 13-week-old MRL-lpr mice whose spontaneous arthritis was enhanced by(More)