John Digiovanni

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For more than 60 years, the chemical induction of tumors in mouse skin has been used to study mechanisms of epithelial carcinogenesis and evaluate modifying factors. In the traditional two-stage skin carcinogenesis model, the initiation phase is accomplished by the application of a sub-carcinogenic dose of a carcinogen. Subsequently, tumor development is(More)
The mouse skin model of multistage carcinogenesis has for many years provided a conceptual framework for studying carcinogenesis mechanisms and potential means for inhibiting specific stages of carcinogenesis. The process of skin carcinogenesis involves the stepwise accumulation of genetic change ultimately leading to malignancy. Initiation, the first step(More)
Here we report that epidermal keratinocytes in psoriatic lesions are characterized by activated Stat3. Transgenic mice with keratinocytes expressing a constitutively active Stat3 (K5.Stat3C mice) develop a skin phenotype either spontaneously, or in response to wounding, that closely resembles psoriasis. Keratinocytes from K5.Stat3C mice show upregulation of(More)
In the present study, we have investigated the possible role of signal transducers and activators of transcription (STATs), particularly Stat3, in mouse skin tumor promotion and multistage carcinogenesis. Stat1, Stat3, and Stat5 were activated in mouse epidermis after treatment with different classes of tumor promoters, including(More)
It has long been known that excessive mitotic activity due to H-Ras can block keratinocyte differentiation and cause skin cancer. It is not clear whether there are any innate surveillants that are able to ensure that keratinocytes undergo terminal differentiation, preventing the disease. IKKalpha induces keratinocyte terminal differentiation, and its(More)
Psoriasis is an inflammatory disease with dynamic interactions between the immune system and the skin. The IL-23/Th17 axis plays an important role in the pathogenesis of psoriasis, although the exact contributions of IL-23 and IL-17 in vivo remain unclear. K5.Stat3C transgenic mice constitutively express activated Stat3 within keratinocytes, and these(More)
Development of a suitable mouse model would facilitate the investigation of pathomechanisms underlying human psoriasis and would also assist in development of therapeutic treatments. However, while many psoriasis mouse models have been proposed, no single model recapitulates all features of the human disease, and standardized validation criteria for(More)
The food antioxidants butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) and butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) were tested as tumor promoters on CD1 female mice initiated with 7, 12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene (DMBA). At a dose of 1 mg twice weekly they did not promote skin tumors. Nor did they produce tumors when tested as a complete carcinogen without DMBA initiation. The(More)
Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (Stat3) is a latent cytoplasmic protein that conveys signals to the nucleus upon stimulation with IL-6, EGF, and many other cytokines/growth factors, leading to transcriptional activation of the downstream genes. It has been well defined that Stat3 plays critical roles in biological activities including(More)