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Breeding maize hybrids for drought tolerance would significantly reduce yield loss due to drought in southern Africa. Mode of gene action controlling yield and secondary traits was investigated by mating 27 inbred lines, in sets according to a North Carolina design II scheme. The resultant 72 experimental and eight commercial hybrids were evaluated in 8 ×(More)
Yields of maize (Zea mays L.) are remarkably low in sub-Saharan Africa and yet farmers have limited access to improved varieties. The objective of this study was to determine combining ability and heterosis of 18 elite maize inbred lines in environments prone to northern corn leaf blight (NCLB) disease in the mid-altitude tropics. Nine elite inbred lines(More)
Grain size is an important consideration in the rice industry in Malawi, where long grains with medium to slender shape are preferred characteristics. In order to design an appropriate breeding strategy, there is a need to understand the inheritance of these characteristics especially in the Malawi rice landraces. The objectives of this study were therefore(More)
Maize (Zea mays L.) yields are significantly lower in the tropical-highlands than other environments predominantly due to the lack of well-adapted and improved cultivars and due to genotype by environment (G × E) interaction. The objectives of this study were to determine G × E interaction and yield stability of quality protein maize (QPM) single-cross(More)
Maize ear rots reduce grain yield and quality with implication on food security and health. Some of the pathogenic fungi produce mycotoxins in maize grain posing a health risk to humans and livestock. Unfortunately, the levels of ear rot and mycotoxin infection in grain produced by subsistence farmers in sub-Saharan countries are not known. A survey was(More)
Provitamin A-biofortified maize may contribute to alleviating vitamin A deficiency (VAD), in developing countries. However, processing the maize into food products may reduce its provitamin A content. The aims of this study were to determine the composition of provitamin A carotenoids in biofortified maize varieties as well as to assess their retention(More)
Maize grey leaf spot (GLS) disease remains an important foliar disease in sub-Saharan Africa accounting for more than 25% yield losses in maize. Information on inheritance of GLS resistance of germplasm adapted to African environments is required in new sources being identified. Therefore, hybrids generated from a 10 × 10 half-diallel mating of tropical(More)
The level of phytic acid is difficult to assess in a maize breeding programme, therefore a co-dominant single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) marker was used to detect the single recessive low phytic acid (lpa1-1) gene in a BC2F1 population developed from a locally adapted tropical normal inbred line (P 16) and CM 32 (lpa1-1 donor). High-resolution melt(More)
Cowpea aphid-borne mosaic virus (CABMV) is a major virus disease in Uganda that causes substantial loss of the cowpea crop especially in growth and yield. The mode of gene action conferring resistance to the virus is not well understood. The objective of the study was to determine the genetic inheritance of resistance in cowpea crosses. Three susceptible(More)
Understanding the genetic relationships among breeding lines is fundamental in crop improvement programs. The objectives of this study were to apply selected polymorphic single sequence repeat (SSR) DNA markers and cluster medium to late maturing tropical elite maize inbred lines for effective hybrid breeding. Twenty elite inbred lines were genotyped with(More)