John Dennis Brooke

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Studies are reviewed, predominantly involving healthy humans, on gain changes in spinal reflexes and supraspinal ascending paths during passive and active leg movement. The passive movement research shows that the pathways of H reflexes of the leg and foot are down-regulated as a consequence of movement-elicited discharge from somatosensory receptors,(More)
Modulation of soleus H-reflex magnitude over a cycle of leg movement and the adjustment of controls to account for it were explored. During pedalling, H-reflex magnitudes in all nine subjects were highest in the power producing phase and lowest in recovery. Stimulation intensity was standardized. Compared to sitting, these reflexes were significantly(More)
1. It was hypothesized that passive movement of either the whole leg or its separate segments, in a manner mimicking human gait, leads to attenuation of the soleus H reflex. It was further hypothesized that this attenuation arises from presynaptic effects. Reflex amplitudes were observed in humans during natural bipedal and unipedal stepping on the spot,(More)
Modulation of soleus H-reflex magnitudes during pedalling, and their approximation when seated with appropriate joint positions and contractile activity was demonstrated in the previous paper. The present study investigated the modulation of H-reflexes during (A) pedalling movement in the absence of contractile activity, (B) different movement velocities(More)
1. Four experiments tested the hypothesis that movement-induced discharge of somatosensory receptors attenuates cutaneous reflexes in the human lower limb. In the first experiment, cutaneous reflexes were evoked in the isometrically contracting tibialis anterior muscle (TA) by a train of stimuli to the tibial nerve at the ankle. The constancy of stimulus(More)
The gain of the H reflex attenuates during passive stepping and pedalling movements of the leg. We hypothesized that the kinematics of the movement indirectly reflect the receptor origin of this attenuation. In the first experiment, H reflexes were evoked in soleus at 26 points in the cycle of slow, passive pedalling movement of the leg and at 13 points(More)
The time course and extent of attentional shifts associated with compensatory balancing reactions were explored using a novel dual-task paradigm. Seated subjects performed a continuous visuomotor tracking task with the hand while the feet simultaneously balanced an inverted pendulum. The pendulum was randomly perturbed, evoking compensatory balance(More)
Previous studies have revealed the influence of ongoing sensory discharge on modulating the central representation of muscle afferents from individual limbs. In the present study, we explored the potential for such modulatory influence on the afferent discharge arising from induced whole-body movement. Vestibular and somatosensory inputs arise from such(More)
 Movement-related gating of cerebral somatosensory evoked potentials (SEPs) occurs during active and passive movements of both the upper and the lower limbs. The general hypothesis was tested that the brain participates in setting the gain of the ascending path from somatosensory receptors of the human leg to the somatosensory cortex. In experiment 1, SEPs(More)