John David Williams

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This study examined the morphologic features of the parietal peritoneal membranes of 130 patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis (PD) and compared them with the features of the peritoneal membranes of normal individuals, uremic predialysis patients, and patients undergoing hemodialysis. The median thickness of the submesothelial compact collagenous zone was(More)
The effects of dietary fish-oil fatty acids on the function of the 5-lipoxygenase pathway of peripheral-blood polymorphonuclear leukocytes and monocytes were determined in seven normal subjects who supplemented their usual diet for six weeks with daily doses of triglycerides containing 3.2 g of eicosapentaenoic acid and 2.2 g of docosahexaenoic acid. The(More)
OBJECTIVES Mobile phones (MP) are used extensively and yet little is known about the effects they may have on human physiology. There have been conflicting reports regarding the relation between MP use and the electroencephalogram (EEG). The present study suggests that this conflict may be due to methodological differences such as exposure durations, and(More)
BACKGROUND Although peritoneal dialysis (PD) is a widely accepted form of renal replacement therapy (RRT), concerns remain regarding the bioincompatible nature of standard PD fluid. In order to evaluate whether a newly formulated fluid of neutral pH, and containing low levels of glucose degradation products (GDP), resulted in improved in vivo(More)
We describe a hollow cathode plasma formed within a heated pocket deposition (HPD) source covered with a transparent conductive oxide (TCO)-coated substrate. Super-hydrophilic behavior and little change in TCO transmission of TCO substrates exposed to the plasma are observed. The “plasma cleaner” source was placed in-line with the CSU advanced(More)
cDNA corresponding to the GA4 gene of Arabidopsis thaliana L. (Heynh. ) was expressed in Escherichia coli, from which cell lysates converted [14C]gibberellin (GA)9 and [14C]GA20 to radiolabeled GA4 and GA1, respectively, thereby confirming that GA4 encodes a GA 3beta-hydroxylase. GA9 was the preferred substrate, with a Michaelis value of 1 microm compared(More)
BACKGROUND Leukocyte migration into the peritoneal cavity is a diagnostic feature of peritonitis in patients treated with peritoneal dialysis (PD). While neutrophil (PMN) influx is characteristic of the acute phase of peritoneal infection, significant mononuclear cell (MNC) infiltration, occurs throughout the whole period of infection. Recent data suggests(More)
The levels of hyaluronan (HA) were determined in dialysate from patients receiving CAPD. The levels found after the four hour dwell were 0.162 +/- 0.08 micrograms/ml (N = 16) in non-infected fluid and 1.69 +/- 1.12 (N = 5) during peritonitis, P < 0.0025. Similarly concentrations in overnight (8 to 10 hours) dwell dialysate were 0.384 +/- 0.22 micrograms/ml(More)
Regulated recruitment and clearance of neutrophils (PMN) is the hallmark of competent host defense and resolution of inflammation. We now report that IFN-gamma controls PMN infiltration and modulates IL-6 signaling through its soluble receptor (sIL-6R) to promote their apoptosis and clearance. Induction of peritoneal inflammation in IFN-gamma-deficient(More)
This study establishes a reproducible technique for the culture of human peritoneal mesothelial cells. Direct explants, as well as enzymatically degraded specimens, of human omentum have been used as the source of cells. Cells were grown on collagen and gelatin coated matrices and were maintained in supplemented Ham's F-12 medium containing 10% (vol/vol)(More)