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Hereditary neuropathy with liability to pressure palsies (HNPP) has been a associated with a deletion of 1.5 megabases of chromosome 17p. One of four biopsy proven HNPP families that we have studied did not possess this deletion. As the deleted DNA region includes the coding region for a peripheral myelin gene (PMP22), we used single strand conformation(More)
Neuropathologic abnormalities can be sufficiently characteristic to suggest the genetic basis of some hereditary neuropathies such as those associated with mutations in MPZ, GJB1, GDAP1, MTMR2, SH3TC2, PRX, FGD4, and LMNA. We analyzed the morphologic features of 9 sural nerve biopsies from 6 patients with mutations of mitofusin 2. All patients presented in(More)
The etiology of the Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) still remains elusive. Recent years have witnessed important advances in the delineation of the mechanisms that may operate to produce nerve damage. Evidence gathered from cell biology, immunology, and immunopathology studies in patients with GBS and animals with experimental autoimmune neuritis (EAN)(More)
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-dependent sites of action in the generation of autoimmune inflammation have been defined by targeted disruption of TNF in the C57BL/6 mouse strain. C57BL/6 mice are susceptible to an inflammatory, demyelinating form of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) induced by the 35-55 peptide of myelin oligodendrocyte(More)
Hereditary sensory neuropathy type I (HSN I) is a group of dominantly inherited degenerative disorders of peripheral nerve in which sensory features are more prominent than motor involvement. We have described a new form of HSN I that is associated with cough and gastroesophageal reflux. To map the chromosomal location of the gene causing the disorder, a(More)
In studying autoimmune diseases of the human peripheral nervous system (PNS), in vitro studies involving the use of cultured rat Schwann cells, neurons, and disease-inducing immune system cells have provided basic information about disease pathogenesis. For example, T-cells that induce experimental allergic neuritis have been shown in vitro to damage(More)
The clinical, electrophysiological and pathological features and prognosis of 34 patients with peripheral neuropathy caused by necrotizing vasculitis were evaluated. The causes included polyarteritis nodosa and its Churg-Strauss variant, rheumatoid arthritis, undifferentiated connective tissue disease, Wegener's granulomatosis, primary Sjögren's disease,(More)
Early pathological studies in patients with acute and chronic inflammatory demyelinating neuropathies, and the animal model experimental autoimmune neuritis (EAN) showed similarities in the process of demyelination. These studies focused on compact myelin proteins and peptides as targets of immune attack in Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS), chronic(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this two-year prospective study was to determine which factors were: (i) directly related and/or (ii) indirectly related to multiple sclerosis (MS) relapse. These factors included life-event stressors, disease, demographic, psychosocial and lifestyle factors. BACKGROUND Relatively little attention has been paid to the role of(More)
Over a 33-year period, 260 patients (< 17 years of age; 119 males, 141 females) from New South Wales, Australia who had peripheral neuropathies confirmed by nerve biopsy, were studied. Of these, 50 infants presented with symptoms or signs of neuropathy under 1 year of age: including 24 patients with demyelinating neuropathies and 21 axonal neuropathies; a(More)