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PURPOSE We attempted to identify morphological parameters of benign prostatic hyperplastic inflammation that correlate with pre-biopsy prostate specific antigen (PSA) concentrations. MATERIALS AND METHODS Patients undergoing prostate biopsy at our department were prospectively studied between January 1995 and January 1996. preoperative blood and 24-hour(More)
Rhinoviruses and enteroviruses are leading causes of respiratory infections. To evaluate genotypic diversity and identify forces shaping picornavirus evolution, we screened persons with respiratory illnesses by using rhinovirus-specific or generic real-time PCR assays. We then sequenced the 5 untranslated region, capsid protein VP1, and protease precursor(More)
OBJECTIVE The expression on lymphocytes of P-glycoprotein, an efflux transporter encoded by the ABCB1 gene, might influence cyclosporine intracellular concentration. METHODS ABCB1 genotypes, cyclosporine intracellular and blood concentrations were determined in 64 stable renal, liver or lung transplant recipients. RESULTS Cyclosporine intracellular(More)
Cyclosporine is a substrate of cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A and of the transporter ABCB1, for which polymorphisms have been described. In particular, CYP3A5 *3/*3 genotype results in the absence of CYP3A5 activity, whereas CYP3A7 *1/*1C genotype results in high CYP3A7 expression in adults. Log-transformed dose-adjusted cyclosporine trough concentration and(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the acceptability by patients of ultrasound-guided prostatic biopsy without anaesthesia. PATIENTS AND METHODS From January 1995 to January 1996, 81 patients in our department undergoing transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy were asked to assess the tolerability of the procedure using an immediate post-operative(More)
BACKGROUND since 1999 data from pulmonary hypertension (PH) patients from all PH centres in Switzerland were prospectively collected. We analyse the epidemiological aspects of these data. METHODS PH was defined as a mean pulmonary artery pressure of >25 mm Hg at rest or >30 mm Hg during exercise. Patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), PH(More)
OBJECTIVE The endothelin-1 system regulates (myo)fibroblast contraction in wound healing. Our aim was to determine endothelin-1 system expression and function in contractile properties of vaginal myofibroblasts of women with uterovaginal prolapse. STUDY DESIGN Cultures of alpha-smooth muscle actin-positive myofibroblasts that were established at the time(More)
RATIONALE In lung transplant recipients, long-term graft survival relies on the control of inflammation and tissue remodeling to maintain graft functionality and avoid chronic lung allograft dysfunction. Although advances in clinical practice have improved transplant success, the mechanisms by which the balance between inflammation and remodeling is(More)
BACKGROUND The prognosis of pulmonary hypertension (PH), especially idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH), has improved during the recent years. The Swiss Registry for PH represents the collaboration of the various centres in Switzerland dealing with PH and serves as an important tool in quality control. The objective of the study was to(More)
PURPOSE Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) was shown to be associated with high concentrations of urinary prostate specific antigen (PSA). We investigated the serum-to-urinary PSA ratio in patients undergoing prostate biopsy to assess its efficacy in enhancing serum PSA specificity in the detection of prostate carcinoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS From(More)