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Rhinoviruses and enteroviruses are leading causes of respiratory infections. To evaluate genotypic diversity and identify forces shaping picornavirus evolution, we screened persons with respiratory illnesses by using rhinovirus-specific or generic real-time PCR assays. We then sequenced the 5 untranslated region, capsid protein VP1, and protease precursor(More)
PURPOSE We attempted to identify morphological parameters of benign prostatic hyperplastic inflammation that correlate with pre-biopsy prostate specific antigen (PSA) concentrations. MATERIALS AND METHODS Patients undergoing prostate biopsy at our department were prospectively studied between January 1995 and January 1996. preoperative blood and 24-hour(More)
RATIONALE In lung transplant recipients, long-term graft survival relies on the control of inflammation and tissue remodeling to maintain graft functionality and avoid chronic lung allograft dysfunction. Although advances in clinical practice have improved transplant success, the mechanisms by which the balance between inflammation and remodeling is(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the acceptability by patients of ultrasound-guided prostatic biopsy without anaesthesia. PATIENTS AND METHODS From January 1995 to January 1996, 81 patients in our department undergoing transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy were asked to assess the tolerability of the procedure using an immediate post-operative(More)
PURPOSE Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) was shown to be associated with high concentrations of urinary prostate specific antigen (PSA). We investigated the serum-to-urinary PSA ratio in patients undergoing prostate biopsy to assess its efficacy in enhancing serum PSA specificity in the detection of prostate carcinoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS From(More)
OBJECTIVE The expression on lymphocytes of P-glycoprotein, an efflux transporter encoded by the ABCB1 gene, might influence cyclosporine intracellular concentration. METHODS ABCB1 genotypes, cyclosporine intracellular and blood concentrations were determined in 64 stable renal, liver or lung transplant recipients. RESULTS Cyclosporine intracellular(More)
Cyclosporine is a substrate of cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A and of the transporter ABCB1, for which polymorphisms have been described. In particular, CYP3A5 *3/*3 genotype results in the absence of CYP3A5 activity, whereas CYP3A7 *1/*1C genotype results in high CYP3A7 expression in adults. Log-transformed dose-adjusted cyclosporine trough concentration and(More)
RATIONALE Lung transplant recipients are particularly at risk of complications from rhinovirus, the most frequent respiratory virus circulating in the community. OBJECTIVES To determine whether lung transplant recipients can be chronically infected by rhinovirus and the potential clinical impact. METHODS We first identified an index case, in which(More)
Routine screening of lung transplant recipients and hospital patients for respiratory virus infections allowed to identify human rhinovirus (HRV) in the upper and lower respiratory tracts, including immunocompromised hosts chronically infected with the same strain over weeks or months. Phylogenetic analysis of 144 HRV-positive samples showed no apparent(More)
Valganciclovir (VGC) has proved efficacious and safe for the prophylaxis against cytomegalovirus (CMV) in high-risk transplant recipients and for the treatment of CMV retinitis in AIDS patients. We used VGC for the treatment of CMV infection (viremia without symptoms) or disease (CMV syndrome or tissue-invasive disease) in kidney, heart, and lung transplant(More)