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BACKGROUND Ergosterol has been considered the "fungal sterol" for almost 125 years; however, additional sterol data superimposed on a recent molecular phylogeny of kingdom Fungi reveals a different and more complex situation. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS The interpretation of sterol distribution data in a modern phylogenetic context indicates that there(More)
As a representative of a genus with species considered to be potential commercial producers of the nutritionally important polyunsaturated fatty acid docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), Thraustochytrium sp. ATCC 26185 was investigated to determine its potential for DHA production and lipid composition. Cells from liquid shake cultures contained 32% (w/w) lipid, 18%(More)
This study was conducted to determine if dietary omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids could modulate lung eicosanoid production. Three groups of chickens were depleted of essential fatty acids by feeding diets containing 1% hydrogenated coconut oil from hatching to 8 wk, followed by repletion for 3 wk with diets containing soybean oil (SBO) and linseed oil(More)
Several strains of species of the fungal genus Pythium, and of Phytophthora cinnamomi, were screened for content of the polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) arachidonic acid (AA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA). The aim of the investigation was to establish alternative sources of these PUFAs, which are of importance in human nutrition. As a relatively(More)
Multilamellar lipid vesicles (MLV) composed of egg yolk lecithin (EYL) suppressed the response of bovine peripheral blood lymphocytes (BPBL) to phytohemagglutinin (PHA). EYL contains 18:1 and 18:2 as the major unsaturated phospholipids. Dioleoyllecithin (DOL; cis 9) MLV did not suppress BPBL blastogenesis. Dilinoeyllecithin (DLL; cis, cis 9, 12) MLV(More)
The effect of rainbow trout growth hormone complementary DNA on body shape, dress-out yield, and body composition were assessed in the F1 and F2 generations of transgenic common carp (Cyprinus carpio). All measurements were compared with those for nontransgenic full-sibling common carp in their respective families, and the fish were communally evaluated in(More)
A new series of lipids called mololipids have been identified from an Hawaiian sponge of the order Verongida. The structures of these lipids was deduced from spectroscopic data of the lipid mixture combined with GC-MS analysis. The core of this novel series of lipids is a bromotyramine homoserine-derived moiety known as moloka'iamine (1) which is found in(More)
To study the effects of hydrogenated fat in the maternal diet on lipid composition and prostaglandin content of human milk, eight nursing mothers, 2 months postpartum, were provided with two 5-day diets in a cross-over design with an intervening 2-day period. Diets for the two periods were identical except that sources of hydrogenated fat were used in the(More)