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BACKGROUND Interferon beta (IFNbeta) effectively reduces disease activity in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). Neutralizing antibodies (NAbs) can diminish or abolish the clinical efficacy of IFNbeta therapies. Biomarkers of the IFNbeta response, such as myxovirus resistance protein A (MxA), viperin, and interferon-induced protein with tetratricopeptide(More)
Angiotensin II (Ang II) has powerful modulatory actions on cardiovascular function that are mediated by specific receptors located on neurons within the hypothalamus and brain stem. Incubation of neuronal cocultures of rat hypothalamus and brain stem with Ang II elicits an Ang II type 1 (AT1) receptor-mediated inhibition of total outward K+ current that(More)
OBJECTIVES The cAMP-dependent Cl- conductance in heart is believed to be due to cardiac expression of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR). While CFTR expressed in rabbit and guinea-pig heart (CFTRcardiac) is an alternatively spliced isoform of the epithelial gene product, little information is known regarding possible expression(More)
Cardiac Cl- channels may play an important role in both the physiological as well as the pathophysiological regulation of the heart. Due to the present controversy regarding the role that Na+ may play in the regulation of the adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP)-dependent Cl- channels in the heart, we have re-examined the effects of intracellular and(More)
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