John D. Steinbruner

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This paper extends the literature on the evolution of norms with an agent-based model capturing a phenomenon that has been essentially ignored, namely that individual thought-or computing-is often inversely related to the strength of a social norm. In this model, agents learn how to behave (what norm to adopt), but-under a strategy I term Best Reply to(More)
3 Acknowledgments is report is the product of a two-year project initiated with support from the Nuclear reat Initiative. As part of this project, CISSM hosted two workshops that involved a range of experts and ocials, including project also commissioned a series of working papers by Dmitry Kovchegin, Wu Jun, and Martha Williams, which are available on the(More) (WPO) is a project, managed by PIPA, that studies public opinion around the world on international issues. WPO conducts polls through an international network of research partners and maintains a major website with articles and reports analyzing and integrating polls from around the world and from numerous organizations. The Program(More)
The essential idea is to show how norms can emerge spontaneously at the social level from the decentralized interactions of many individuals that cumulate over time into a set of social expectations. Due to the self-reinforcing nature of the process, these expectations tend to perpetuate themselves for long periods of time, even though they may have arisen(More)
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