John D . Schuetz

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Variation in the CYP3A enzymes, which act in drug metabolism, influences circulating steroid levels and responses to half of all oxidatively metabolized drugs. CYP3A activity is the sum activity of the family of CYP3A genes, including CYP3A5, which is polymorphically expressed at high levels in a minority of Americans of European descent and Europeans(More)
Stem cells from bone marrow, skeletal muscle and possibly other tissues can be identified by the 'side-population' (SP) phenotype. Although it has been assumed that expression of ABC transporters is responsible for this phenotype, the specific molecules involved have not been defined. Here we show that expression of the Bcrp1 (also known as Abcg2(More)
Xenobiotics frequently induce proteins involved in their detoxification. Because many drugs that are metabolized by human cytochromes P450 (CYP) 3A4 and 3A5 are also transported by the drug efflux pump P-glycoprotein, we determined whether expression of these proteins was altered by a variety of drugs in a cell line derived from a human colon(More)
It was previously shown that CYP3A4 is induced in the human intestinal Caco-2 cell model by treatment with 1alpha,25-dihydroxy vitamin D3 (1,25-D3). We demonstrate the vitamin D analog, 19-nor-1alpha,25-dihydroxy vitamin D2, is also an effective inducer of CYP3A4 in Caco-2 cells, but with half the potency of 1,25-D3. We report that treatment of LS180 cells,(More)
MDR1 (P-glycoprotein) is an important factor in the disposition of many drugs, and the involved processes often exhibit considerable interindividual variability that may be genetically determined. Single-strand conformational polymorphism analysis and direct sequencing of exonic MDR1 deoxyribonucleic acid from 37 healthy European American and 23 healthy(More)
Human multidrug-resistance protein (MRP) 4 transports cyclic nucleotides and when overproduced in mammalian cells mediates resistance to some nucleoside analogues. Recently, it has been shown that Mrp4 is induced in the livers of Fxr ((-/-)) mice, which have increased levels of serum bile acids. Since MRP4, like MRP1-3, also mediates transport of a model(More)
Multidrug resistance-associated protein (Mrp) 2-deficient transport-deficient (TR(-)) rats, together with their transport-competent Wistar counterparts (wild type), have been used to examine the contribution of Mrp2 to drug disposition. However, little is known about potential variation in expression of other transport proteins between TR(-) and wild-type(More)
The ABC transporter, Mrp4, transports the sulfated steroid DHEA-s, and sulfated bile acids interact with Mrp4 with high affinity. Hepatic Mrp4 levels are low, but increase under cholestatic conditions. We therefore inferred that up-regulation of Mrp4 during cholestasis is a compensatory mechanism to protect the liver from accumulation of hydrophobic bile(More)
Our studies demonstrate that the ABC transporter and marker of stem and progenitor cells known as the breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP or ABCG2) confers a strong survival advantage under hypoxic conditions. We show that, under hypoxia, progenitor cells from Bcrp(-)/(-)mice have a reduced ability to form colonies as compared with progenitor cells from(More)
Acyclic nucleotide phosphonates (adefovir, cidofovir, and tenofovir) are eliminated predominantly into the urine, and renal failure is their dose-limiting toxicity, particularly for adefovir and cidofovir. In this study, we examined the involvement of multidrug resistance-associated protein (MRP)4 (ABCC4) in their luminal efflux in the kidney. ATP-dependent(More)