John D. Rice

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The linear homopolymer poly-beta-1,6-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine (beta-1,6-GlcNAc; PGA) serves as an adhesin for the maintenance of biofilm structural stability in diverse eubacteria. Its function in Escherichia coli K-12 requires the gene products of the pgaABCD operon, all of which are necessary for biofilm formation. PgaC is an apparent glycosyltransferase(More)
Secretion of xylanase activities by Bacillus subtilis 168 supports the development of this well-defined genetic system for conversion of methylglucuronoxylan (MeGAXn [where n represents the number of xylose residues]) in the hemicellulose component of lignocellulosics to biobased products. In addition to the characterized glycosyl hydrolase family 11 (GH(More)
Paenibacillus sp. strain JDR-2, an aggressively xylanolytic bacterium isolated from decaying sweet gum wood, secretes a multimodular glycohydrolase family GH10 endoxylanase (XynA1) anchored to the cell surface. The gene encoding XynA1 is part of a xylan utilization regulon that includes an aldouronate utilization gene cluster with genes encoding a GH67(More)
Environmental and economic factors predicate the need for efficient processing of renewable sources of fuels and chemicals. To fulfill this need, microbial biocatalysts must be developed to efficiently process the hemicellulose fraction of lignocellulosic biomass for fermentation of pentoses. The predominance of methylglucuronoxylan (MeGAXn), a beta-1,4(More)
Xylanases of glycosyl hydrolase family 30 (GH30) have been shown to cleave β-1,4 linkages of 4-O-methylglucuronoxylan (MeGX(n)) as directed by the position along the xylan chain of an α-1,2-linked 4-O-methylglucuronate (MeGA) moiety. Complete hydrolysis of MeGX(n) by these enzymes results in singly substituted aldouronates having a 4-O-methylglucuronate(More)
Xylans are the predominant polysaccharides in hemicelluloses and an important potential source of biofuels and chemicals. The ability of Bacillus subtilis subsp. subtilis strain 168 to utilize xylans has been ascribed to secreted glycoside hydrolase family 11 (GH11) and GH30 endoxylanases, encoded by the xynA and xynC genes, respectively. Both of these(More)
Methylglucuronoxylans (MeGXn) and methylglucuronoarabinoxylans (MeGAXn) respectively comprise most of the hemicellulose fractions in dicots and monocots and, next to cellulose, are the major resources for the production of fuels and chemicals from lignocellulosics. With either MeGXn or MeGAXn as a substrate, Bacillus subtilis 168 accumulates acidic(More)
Acid pretreatment is commonly used to release pentoses from the hemicellulose fraction of cellulosic biomass for bioconversion. The predominant pentose in the hemicellulose fraction of hardwoods and crop residues is xylose in the polysaccharide methylglucuronoxylan, in which as many as one in six of the beta-1,4-linked xylopyranose residues is substituted(More)
In the dilute acid pretreatment of lignocellulose, xylose substituted with α-1,2-methylglucuronate is released as methylglucuronoxylose (MeGAX), which cannot be fermented by biocatalysts currently used to produce biofuels and chemicals. Enterobacter asburiae JDR-1, isolated from colonized wood, efficiently fermented both MeGAX and xylose in acid(More)
The four pectate lyases (EC 4.2.2.2) secreted by Erwinia chrysanthemi EC16 have been individually produced as recombinant enzymes in Escherichia coli. Oligogalacturonates formed from polygalacturonic acid during reactions catalyzed by each enzyme have been determined by high-performance liquid chromatography analysis. PLa catalyzes the formation of a series(More)