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OBJECTIVE To assess the impact of breakfast skipping and type of breakfast consumed on energy/nutrient intake, nutrient adequacy, and diet quality. DESIGN Cross-sectional. SETTING The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), 1999-2002. SUBJECTS Young adults (20-39 years, n = 2615). MEASURES A 24-hour dietary recall was used, with(More)
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BACKGROUND National data comparing nutrient intakes and anthropometric measures in children/adolescents in the United States who skip breakfast or consume different types of breakfasts are limited. OBJECTIVE To examine the relationship between breakfast skipping and type of breakfast consumed with nutrient intake, nutrient adequacy, and adiposity status.(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the association between breakfast skipping and type of breakfast consumed with overweight/obesity, abdominal obesity, other cardiometabolic risk factors and the metabolic syndrome (MetS). DESIGN Cross-sectional. Three breakfast groups were identified, breakfast skippers (BS), ready-to-eat-cereal (RTEC) consumers and other breakfast(More)
Low fruit and vegetable intake may be associated with overweight. The United States Department of Agriculture implemented the Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Program in 2006-2007. One Houston-area high school was selected and received funding to provide baskets of fresh fruits and vegetables daily for each classroom during this period. This study assessed the(More)
The ability of soy protein isolate to reduce the severity of 13-cis retinoic acid (13cRA)-induced hypertriglyceridemia was assessed in an animal model of this condition (rats fed a 13cRA-containing, casein-based diet). Male Fischer 344 rats (N = 7/group) were fed purified diets containing either casein or soy protein isolate and having either no 13cRA or(More)
The effect of supplementation of dietary gluten with its first and second limiting amino acids (lysine and threonine) on food intake and growth was examined in normal and Walker 256 carcinosarcoma-bearing male, Sprague-Dawley rats. Two diets were used. Diet G had 16.4% gluten and diet GLT had (%): gluten 15, L-lysine.HCl 1, and L-threonine, 0.4 Normal and(More)
Previous research carried out in an animal model of retinoid-induced hypertriglyceridemia - rats fet a 13-cis retinoic acid (13cRA)-containing diet having casein as the protein source - has demonstrated that the complete replacement of dietary casein with soy protein isolate (SPI) can decrease the severity of this condition. In this study, the effect of(More)
Hypertriglyceridemia is frequently noted as a side effect when retinoids (e.g., 13-cis-retinoic acid) are used in human chemoprevention trials. Dietary oilseed proteins (e.g., cottonseed and soy protein) are known to reduce the severity of diet-induced hypertriglyceridemia, but their influence on drug-induced hypertriglyceridemia has not been studied(More)