John D. Pigott

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The importance of pulmonary artery size and the value of a standardized pulmonary artery index (PAI) in predicting outcome after Fontan's repair have previously been reported and questioned. We retrospectively reviewed 29 patients undergoing modified Fontan repair at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia to examine the relation between preoperative PAI(More)
In an effort to understand the ionic basis for the developmental changes that have been reported to occur in the configuration of the human atrial action potential, we characterized the transient outward current (Ito) and the inward rectifier current in atrial myocytes isolated from 20 young (ages 1 day-2.5 yr) and 8 adult (11-68 yr) human hearts using the(More)
Ion currents were examined in isolated human atrial myocytes by using the whole-cell patch-clamp technique. When currents were recorded with a K(+)-containing pipette solution, depolarizing voltage pulses elicited a rapidly activating outward current that decayed to an apparent steady state. Exposure of cells to 10 mmol/L 4-aminopyridine markedly reduced(More)
Palliation of hypoplastic left-heart syndrome involves use of the morphologic right ventricle as the systemic ventricle and the tricuspid valve (in cases of mitral atresia/stenosis) or the common atrioventricular valve (in cases of malaligned atrioventricular canal) as the systemic atrioventricular valve. To determine the relationship between tricuspid or(More)
The following experiments were conducted to determine whether, and the mechanisms through which, endogenous peptides alter coronary artery blood flow. Ultrasonic transit time probes were placed around the ascending aorta and left anterior descending coronary artery in groups of anesthetized, open-chest dogs. A Millar pressure catheter monitored left(More)
Transposition of the great arteries (S,D,D) is a common congenital cardiovascular malformation that is occasionally associated with ventricular septal defect and left ventricular outflow tract obstruction. Recently right ventricular outflow tract obstruction associated with an aortic arch anomaly has been recognized as an infrequent but important variant of(More)
Late survival and freedom from myocardial infarction were determined for 192 patients with coronary artery disease and depressed left ventricular ejection fraction at rest (less than or equal to 35%) determined by biplane angiography who were evaluated between 1970 and 1977. Seventy-seven patients had coronary artery bypass grafting and 115 patients were(More)
Sixty-five consecutive patients with hypoplastic left heart syndrome underwent preoperative two-dimensional echocardiographic examination (and Doppler examinations in 33) to assess parameters potentially predictive of early (less than or equal to 30 days) mortality after palliative surgery. The six anatomic and physiologic factors considered were right(More)